Aizpute Castle Ruins

Aizpute, Latvia

Aizpute castle was built in the 13th and 14th centuries by the Livonian Order. This was regular planned castella type Order’s Castle with corner tower and wooden buildings in the yard. In the 15th century outside at the ring-wall was built the eastern block. After the Livonian War (1558-1583) castle was not suitable for habitation and in written documents from 1555 it is mentioned as a grain storehouse. At the time from end of the 16th till beginning of the 17th century castle was renovated and there still remain the rich parget with the splendid decorative design in the graffiti artistry above the gates that was shaped in that time.

In fights of the Swedish-Polish War (1600-1629) the castle was ravaged again, but in 1665 there were done the renovation works and the garrisons and gun-crews of Jacob the Duke of Courland were deployed there. After the death of Duke Jacob in 1682 castle became the property of Michael Fredrick Nolde. After rebuilding the castle lost its medieval shape of fortress and inside the ring-wall the new living block was added. Gradually the castle lost its adhibition as a dwelling and was inhabited just partly. For that time the culture level in the yard has grown up for 1.5 metres. In the beginning of the 19th century the eastern block and the south-eastern tower got their present flat vaulting and new partition walls. For the beginning of the 20th century the castle of Aizpute was unsuitable for inhabiting and for present day it has partly gone to rack and ruins.

In the beginning of the 19th century, when some parts became unsuitable for inhabiting, the lord of the manor lived in the new manor-house that was built near at the pond in the 2nd half of the 18th century. Later at the pond were built the water mill and the spirit distillery, but at the new manor-house were built the household buildings. Aizpute Evangelic-Lutheran Church and the former castle13-manor complex of buildings creates the unified group of towns-planning architectural objects that also includes the pond and water mill with the dam on the Tebra River.

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Details

Founded: 13th century
Category: Ruins in Latvia
Historical period: State of the Teutonic Order (Latvia)

More Information

en.wikipedia.org
www.pilis.lv

Rating

4/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Ugis Kreics (7 months ago)
Nice stop from path around Aizpute. It needs a bit of refreshing but otherwise good.
Kaspars Balodis (2 years ago)
The construction of the Kastela type Aizpute castle in the 13th century was started by the Order Master Dietrich von Groningen. The original castle had a foreground, corner towers and wooden buildings in the yard. It served as a border fortification site between the Livonian Order and the bishopric of Courland. In the 15th century, a house with cellars and a gallery was built on the east wall of the castle wall. In the yard above the gate, the plaster with decorative finish in sgrafito technique is partly preserved.
Jurgita Jablonskienė (2 years ago)
Besutiful
Kaspars Balodis (3 years ago)
Tikai drupas
Normunds Pīlips (3 years ago)
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