Palamidi Fortress

Nafplio, Greece

Palamidi is a fortress to the east of the town of Nafplio. Nestled on the crest of a 216-metre high hill, the fortress was built by the Venetians during their second occupation of the area (1686–1715).

The fortress was a very large and ambitious project, but was finished within a relatively short period from 1711 until 1714. It is a typical baroque fortress based on the plans of Venetian engineer Antonio Giancix (Antun Jančić) and built by French military engineer Pierre de la Salle. In 1715 it was captured by the Ottomans and remained under their control until 1822, when it was captured by the Greeks.

The eight bastions of the fortress were originally named after the Venetian provveditori. However, when it fell to the Ottoman Empire, the bastions were given Turkish names. Lastly, when the Greeks overthrew the Turks the bastions were renamed after ancient Greek leaders and heroes (Epaminondas, Miltiades, Leonidas, Phocion, Achilles, Themistocles. The two remaining bastions were named after St. Andrew (Agios Andreas) and the French Philhellene Robert who died in battle on the Acropolis of Athens. The 'Miltiades,' was used as a prison and among its walls was also held Theodoros Kolokotronis, hero of the Greek Revolution.

The fortress commands an impressive view over the Argolic Gulf, the city of Náfplio and the surrounding country. There are 913 steps in the winding stair from the town to the fortress. However, to reach the top of the fortress there are over one thousand.



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Nafplio, Greece
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Founded: 1711-1714
Category: Castles and fortifications in Greece


4.7/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Jamila (43 days ago)
Great view of Nafplio from the top. I recommend getting a cab to the fortress and taking the stairs down. You'll be way less tired. Can take the time to explore the fortress its bigger than you may think.
Arun RajanBabu (2 months ago)
The fortress and views of the area are worth every step of the 900 you take should you choose to make the walk. It took us around 35 minutes (with a couple stops) to make it to the top, and we got to the entrance around 10:00 AM. The timing was perfect, as there was almost no one on the stairs with us, and the fortress itself was not crowded either. This is a can't miss spot in Nafplio, just go early in the morning or closer to sunset.
Victoria Fischer (2 months ago)
Amazing views and worth visiting for a trip to Nafplio. Not too busy around midday at the end of April time. Worth the hike to see the best vistas of the Peloponnese and it’s not a hard walk for all ages, lots of places to stop.
Tim Horgan (2 months ago)
Make sure you have a good pair of hiking shoes on before you take the 900 step stairs from the town centre, definitely worth it.
Brian Morton (2 months ago)
If you are visiting Nafplio, I wouldn't miss visiting the Fortress. My girlfriend, our 12 year old daughter and I were here and spent roughly 3 hours exploring and we had a very nice and tiring time. Be prepared to duck, crouch and thoroughly enjoy yourself. Beautiful surroundings and it wasn't crowded at all.
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