Hakoinen Manor (Haga gård) is one of the oldest and most well-known manor houses in Finland. Its history is related to the adjacent hill fort and the estate may have existed already in the pre-historic era (and at least in the Iron Ages). After the Häme castle was built in the 14th century, Hakoinen was changed as a residence of bailiffs. Hakoinen is mentioned in a letter written by King Erik XIII of Pomerania in 1411. The owners of estate are known since 1540.
The construction of current large main building began in 1796 or 1797, but it was not completed before the end of Finnish War 1808-1809. The original appearance is well-preserved. Other buildings date mainly from the 18th and 19th centuries.
There is an unique furniture collection in Hakoinen manor in a so-called 'King's room'. It was originally located to the Stockholm Royal Palace during the reign of Gustav III and owned by Adolf Fredrik Munck.
Today the manor is still privately owned by Rosenberg family and not open to the public.References:
The city walls of Avila were built in the 11th century to protect the citizens from the Moors. They have been well maintained throughout the centuries and are now a major tourist attraction as well as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Visitors can walk around about half of the length of the walls.
The layout of the city is an even quadrilateral with a perimeter of 2,516 m. Its walls, which consist in part of stones already used in earlier constructions, have an average thickness of 3 m. Access to the city is afforded by nine gates of different periods; twin 20 m high towers, linked by a semi-circular arch, flank the oldest ones, Puerta de San Vicente and Puerta del Alcázar.