Saint Isaac's Cathedral

Saint Petersburg, Russia

Saint Isaac's Cathedral or Isaakievskiy Sobor is the largest Russian Orthodox cathedral in Saint Petersburg. The church on St Isaac's Square was ordered by Tsar Alexander I, to replace an earlier Rinaldiesque structure, and was the fourth consecutive church standing at this place. A specially appointed commission examined several designs, including that of the French-born architect Auguste de Montferrand (1786?1858), who had studied in the atelier of Napoleon's designer, Charles Percier. Montferrand's design was criticised by some members of the commission for the dry and allegedly boring rhythm of its four identical pedimented octastyle porticos. It was also suggested that despite gigantic dimensions, the edifice would look squat and not very impressive. The emperor, who favoured the ponderous Empire style of architecture, had to step in and solve the dispute in Montferrand's favour.

The cathedral took 40 years to construct, under Montferrand's direction, from 1818 to 1858. Under the Soviet government, the building was stripped of religious trappings. In 1931, it was turned into the Antireligious Museum, The dove sculpture was removed, and replaced by a Foucault pendulum. On April 12, 1931, the first public demonstration of the Foucault pendulum was held to visualize Copernicus?s theory. In 1937, the museum was transformed into the museum of the Cathedral, and former collections were transferred to the Museum of the History of Religion (located in the Kazan Cathedral).

During World War II, the dome was painted over in gray to avoid attracting attention from enemy aircraft. On its top, in the skylight, a geodesical intersection point was placed, with the objective of aiding in the location of enemy cannon. With the fall of communism, the museum was removed and regular worship activity has resumed in the cathedral, but only in the left-hand side chapel. The main body of the cathedral is used for services on feast days only. Today the church is still a museum.

The exterior is faced with gray and pink stone, and features a total of 112 red granite columns with Corinthian capitals, each hewn and erected as a single block: 48 at ground level, 24 on the rotunda of the uppermost dome, 8 on each of four side domes, and 2 framing each of four windows. The rotunda is encircled by a walkway accessible to tourists. 24 statues stand on the roof, and another 24 on top of the rotunda.

The cathedral's main dome rises 101.5 metres and is plated with pure gold. The dome is decorated with twelve statues of angels by Josef Hermann. Bronze doors are covered in reliefs, patterned after the celebrated doors of the Battistero di San Giovanni in Florence, designed by Lorenzo Ghiberti. Suspended underneath the peak of the dome is a sculpted dove representing the Holy Spirit. Internal features such as columns,pilasters, floor, and statue of Montferrand are composed of multicolored granites and marblesgathered from all parts of Russia. The iconostasis is framed by eight columns of semiprecious stone: six of malachite and two smaller ones of lazurite. The four pediments are also richly sculpted.

The interior was originally decorated with scores of paintings by Karl Bryullov and other great Russian masters of the day. When these paintings began to deteriorate due to the cold, damp conditions inside the cathedral, Montferrand ordered them to be painstakingly reproduced asmosaics, a technique introduced in Russia by Mikhail Lomonosov. This work was never completed.

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Casualmente ou providencialmente caí aqui na frente desta catedral. O mundo fica inexoravelmente cada dia menor. Moro a 12.000 km distantes, cidade de Patos de Minas, Brasil. Aqui ao meu lado na mesa do meu computador tenho uma foto desta catedral que minha filha em 2010 trouxe de São Petersburgo...:)


Details

Founded: 1818-1858
Category: Religious sites in Russia

Rating

4.9/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Ihar Beliauski (2 months ago)
During my time working in St. Petersburg, walking past St. Isaac's Cathedral every day was a truly enjoyable experience. The cathedral's grand architecture and intricate details are breathtaking, making each stroll a visual delight. Its majestic dome and the beautiful façade never ceased to amaze me, no matter how often I saw them. The sense of history and culture it embodies adds a special charm to the daily routine. St. Isaac's Cathedral is not just a landmark; it's a source of daily inspiration and awe.
Bell Bell (2 months ago)
The pinnacle of sculpture art, I personally like the appearance of this church very much. Here you can choose to visit the interior of the church, or you can go to the observation deck to overlook the entire Petersburg.
WhereTopGo YT Channel (2 months ago)
Sub me in Youtube "WhereTopGo" Channel This place is very beautiful and very big . 40 year is time to building this thing ... you can see more in my channel .. ?
Reema Ahmed (3 months ago)
Beautiful cathedral and the most iconic landmark in St Petersburg. You can walk around and explore more attractions nearby.
CK Cheong (6 months ago)
Large and grand landmark building in St Peterburg. It took 40 years to construct this cathedral, under Montferrand's direction, from 1818 to 1858. It is the largest church in St Peterburg and renowned for its lavish interiors, as well as superb views of the city from its colonnade.
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