Vieux-la-Romaine

Vieux, France

During the 1st century AD, Aregenua (Vieux) became the capital of the Viducasse tribe. Situated at the crossroads of two Roman roads it became an important commercial staging town. Aregenua and Lillebonne are the only two capital towns in Gallo-Roman Normandy that did not become Medieval towns. A number of buildings have been excavated, and some have been partially reconstructed.

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Address

Le Moulin Neuf, Vieux, France
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Details

Founded: 0 - 200 AD
Category: Prehistoric and archaeological sites in France
Historical period: Roman Gaul (France)

More Information

archaeology-travel.com

Rating

4.4/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

catherine desmyttere (3 years ago)
Super animation avec l'escape game. Nous avons passé un agréable moment . Sortie à conseiller
Ian Fitzgerald (3 years ago)
Some nicely preserved roman archeological sites, with an extensive display of artefacts in the museum. It could do with somewhere to buy refreshments, though.
Ghislaine Ricci (3 years ago)
C'est toujours un plaisir de venir au musée de Vieux la Romaine. Expositions ludiques et parfaites pour les enfants. On apprend notre histoire galo-romaine qui devient concrète au travers des fouilles et des lieux mis en valeur. La maison en U est incontournable !
Frederic Lecut (3 years ago)
Excellently presented, beautiful very modern building with lots of natural light. There are also many interesting outdoor display about the way th e Gallo romans lived, cooked, made pottery, built walls and tended their gardens. I was also treated with a visit of the impressive forum - call ahead to book a spot.
Jo Marke (4 years ago)
Great find in the middle of the Normandy countryside. Staff are very accommodating and you can explore the site and their finds
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Glimmingehus is the best preserved medieval stronghold in Scandinavia. It was built 1499-1506, during an era when Scania formed a vital part of Denmark, and contains many defensive arrangements of the era, such as parapets, false doors and dead-end corridors, 'murder-holes' for pouring boiling pitch over the attackers, moats, drawbridges and various other forms of death traps to surprise trespassers and protect the nobles against peasant uprisings. The lower part of the castle's stone walls are 2.4 meters (94 inches) thick and the upper part 1.8 meters (71 inches).

Construction was started in 1499 by the Danish knight Jens Holgersen Ulfstand and stone-cutter-mason and architect Adam van Düren, a North German master who also worked on Lund Cathedral. Construction was completed in 1506.

Ulfstand was a councillor, nobleman and admiral serving under John I of Denmark and many objects have been uncovered during archeological excavations that demonstrate the extravagant lifestyle of the knight's family at Glimmingehus up until Ulfstand's death in 1523. Some of the most expensive objects for sale in Europe during this period, such as Venetian glass, painted glass from the Rhine district and Spanish ceramics have been found here. Evidence of the family's wealth can also be seen inside the stone fortress, where everyday comforts for the knight's family included hot air channels in the walls and bench seats in the window recesses. Although considered comfortable for its period, it has also been argued that Glimmingehus was an expression of "Knighthood nostalgia" and not considered opulent or progressive enough even to the knight's contemporaries and especially not to later generations of the Scanian nobility. Glimmingehus is thought to have served as a residential castle for only a few generations before being transformed into a storage facility for grain.

An order from Charles XI to the administrators of the Swedish dominion of Scania in 1676 to demolish the castle, in order to ensure that it would not fall into the hands of the Danish king during the Scanian War, could not be executed. A first attempt, in which 20 Scanian farmers were ordered to assist, proved unsuccessful. An additional force of 130 men were sent to Glimmingehus to execute the order in a second attempt. However, before they could carry out the order, a Danish-Dutch naval division arrived in Ystad, and the Swedes had to abandon the demolition attempts. Throughout the 18th century the castle was used as deposit for agricultural produce and in 1924 it was donated to the Swedish state. Today it is administered by the Swedish National Heritage Board.

On site there is a museum, medieval kitchen, shop and restaurant and coffee house. During summer time there are several guided tours daily. In local folklore, the castle is described as haunted by multiple ghosts and the tradition of storytelling inspired by the castle is continued in the summer events at the castle called "Strange stories and terrifying tales".