Petrusse Casemates

Luxembourg, Luxembourg

Petrusse Casemates origin goes back to 1644, when the Spaniards reinforced the medieval fortifications. Under the supervision of the Swiss fortress builder Isaac von Treybach, they built - among other defence works-the powerful Beck Bastion, named after Governor Baron Johann von Beck, a native of the city who had played a key role in the Wallenstein affair on the side of the Emperor. Initially this bastion was as high as the adjacent terraces on the right; it was raised to the present level of Constitution Square (the wall is 27 meters high) by Vauban in 1685.

In 1673 the Spaniards erected the so-called 'Ravelin du Pate' to strengthen the defence of the Beck Bastion; this triangular construction is one of the few well-kept fortifications. Marshall de Vauban conferred the present shape to all the Petrusse fortifications and built the 'Small Staircase'. From 1728-29 the Austrians added the 'Bourbon Lock' and the 'Large Staircase' and in 1746 the casemates of the 'Petrusse Battery' (54 gun emplacements).

One century passed and the fortress was enlarged and reinforced: the second ring was extended and the third started, so that Luxembourg became the 'Gibraltar of the North'. By and by, the Petrusse fortifications fell into oblivion and neglect, as their strategic momentum limited itself to the valley. After the dismantling, stipulated by the 1867 London Treaty, they confined themselves to walling up the loopholes and most entrances. In 1933 the Petrusse casemates were opened to the public.

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Founded: 1644
Category: Castles and fortifications in Luxembourg

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4.4/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

M Hendershot (3 months ago)
Spectacular views from this powerful fortress. The location is perfect for a midday stop over while visiting the Ardennes. It is evident in this tour how such a tiny country held its own while wedged between warmongers France and Germany. The history of this country is compact but interesting. Reminiscent of Monaco. One of four seats of the EU and an UNESCO heritage site.
Bourgeons Taha (5 months ago)
Very beautiful and interesting historical place to visit. Sculptured inside the rock, it is like a labyrinth with lots of stairs up and down. You can see the opening for the powder cannons and in couple of them you can still see these cannons. You need to buy a ticket for entry.
Brown Michael (16 months ago)
Stunning views, a site definitely worth visiting, might be even better during summer.
Kurt Bourscheid (2 years ago)
Ah, what a beautiful experience. The place is full of history. Prepare yourself to dig into the undergrounds of the city and to get to know the old city fortifications. There are a lot of steps downward but the place is very well conserved and the guide is awesome. It's worth the visit.
Charel Wagner (2 years ago)
History gem in the city. Guided tour with friendly guide whom was very attention full to our question.
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