Petrusse Casemates origin goes back to 1644, when the Spaniards reinforced the medieval fortifications. Under the supervision of the Swiss fortress builder Isaac von Treybach, they built - among other defence works-the powerful Beck Bastion, named after Governor Baron Johann von Beck, a native of the city who had played a key role in the Wallenstein affair on the side of the Emperor. Initially this bastion was as high as the adjacent terraces on the right; it was raised to the present level of Constitution Square (the wall is 27 meters high) by Vauban in 1685.

In 1673 the Spaniards erected the so-called 'Ravelin du Pate' to strengthen the defence of the Beck Bastion; this triangular construction is one of the few well-kept fortifications. Marshall de Vauban conferred the present shape to all the Petrusse fortifications and built the 'Small Staircase'. From 1728-29 the Austrians added the 'Bourbon Lock' and the 'Large Staircase' and in 1746 the casemates of the 'Petrusse Battery' (54 gun emplacements).

One century passed and the fortress was enlarged and reinforced: the second ring was extended and the third started, so that Luxembourg became the 'Gibraltar of the North'. By and by, the Petrusse fortifications fell into oblivion and neglect, as their strategic momentum limited itself to the valley. After the dismantling, stipulated by the 1867 London Treaty, they confined themselves to walling up the loopholes and most entrances. In 1933 the Petrusse casemates were opened to the public.

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Founded: 1644
Category: Castles and fortifications in Luxembourg

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4.4/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Charel Wagner (2 months ago)
History gem in the city. Guided tour with friendly guide whom was very attention full to our question.
Marion Clawson (4 months ago)
We went there in June and it wasn't listed as closed. We had already paid for overpriced parking so we stayed in the city. Luxemburg is way overprotective, food is almost twice as expensive as in Germany. So is all the shopping. The culture is not worth the price. I recommend visiting Trier instead !
Janco (4 months ago)
Fascinating experience that basically takes together the entire history of Luxembourg with one building.
A T (5 months ago)
Beautiful place! A must visit if you’re in Luxemburg!
Ajay Meganathan (7 months ago)
A nice tourist attraction photo spot for people to clip good picture with an awesome background of the old world building structures! It gets crowded with tourists during early and mid-day. A mandatory place to visit and capture your Luxembourg ?? travel!
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