Notre-Dame Cathedral

Luxemburg, Luxembourg

Notre-Dame Cathedral is the only cathedral in Luxembourg. The church is a noteworthy example of late gothic architecture; however, it also has many Renaissance elements and adornments. At the end of the 18th century, the church received the miraculous image of the Maria Consolatrix Afflictorum, the patron saint of both the city and the nation.

Jesuits from Belgium, which like Luxembourg belonged to the Spanish Netherlands at the time, opened a college in Luxembourg city in 1603, where the majority of young Luxembourgers were taught until 1773. The first stone of the church was laid on 7 May 1613, under Father François Aldenard. The constructor of the building was Ulrich Job, from Lucerne. The Jesuit church was consecrated and dedicated to the Immaculate Conception in 1621 by auxiliary bishop Georg von Helfenstein. German sculptor Daniel Muller (d. 1623) from Freiberg (Saxony) contributed to the appearance of the church including the organ tribune. The decorations in alabaster, a favourite material of Dutch Renaissance sculptors, represent early Baroque angels, who play music between leaves and floral decorations.

After the Jesuits had left the city in 1773, Empress Maria Theresa of Austria gifted the church to the City of Luxembourg in 1778, and it became the new parish church.

The cathedral received the name 'Notre-Dame' in 1848 under the apostolic vicar Jean-Théodore Laurent. His successor, Nicolas Adames, had the Baroque interior refurbished from 1854 in a neo-Gothic style. When Luxembourg was elevated to a bishopric by Pope Pius IX on 27 June 1870, the Notre-Dame Churche became Notre-Dame Cathedral. Around 50 years later, the church was consecrated as the Church of Our Lady and in 1870, it was elevated by Pope Pius IX to the Cathedral of Notre-Dame.

At the cemetery of the cathedral is the National Monument to the Resistance and to the Deportation. The centerpiece of the monument is the famous bronze monument by the 20th century Luxembourgish sculptor Lucien Wercollier called The Political Prisoner.

References:

Comments

Your name



Details

Founded: 1613
Category: Religious sites in Luxembourg

Rating

4.6/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Marcin Tatjewski (8 months ago)
This cathedral is truly worth paying a short visit! Try to make it there during the daylight to properly appreciate the beautiful stained glasses.
Ma (9 months ago)
Suddenly not chihuahua friendly anymore! We have been there very often already together with my chihuahua and all was fine but today encountered very rude personnel! We went to light up a candle and got kicked out because of my little chihuahua who was carried in a bag. But instead of politely asking us to leave, the elderly man just pointed at us several times and pointed at the door. Didn’t say one word! Then the younger colleague did the same and told us to leave. Even it we are obviously not welcome some basic human communication skills would be helpful!
Maria (10 months ago)
Beautiful Cathedral, architecture and windows. My group and I were walking around, so I'm not sure what advice to give about parking. Please be respectful! P.S Photos are dropped due to privacy reasons.
Not Given (11 months ago)
Pretty nice. The inside was really cool, outside is a bit hard to photograph based on the location. Parking I felt was atrocious, but not the cathedrals fault...closed parking garages close, and the far away ones were a 15 minute walk. Not particularly good for those that can't easily walk.
Betty Vovchenko (2 years ago)
Great saturday organ concerts are happening! 11h on certain days, check online
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Gruyères Castle

The Castle of Gruyères is one of the most famous in Switzerland. It was built between 1270 and 1282, following the typical square plan of the fortifications in Savoy. It was the property of the Counts of Gruyères until the bankruptcy of the Count Michel in 1554. His creditors the cantons of Fribourg and Bern shared his earldom. From 1555 to 1798 the castle became residence to the bailiffs and then to the prefects sent by Fribourg.

In 1849 the castle was sold to the Bovy and Balland families, who used the castle as their summer residency and restored it. The castle was then bought back by the canton of Fribourg in 1938, made into a museum and opened to the public. Since 1993, a foundation ensures the conservation as well as the highlighting of the building and the art collection.

The castle is the home of three capes of the Order of the Golden Fleece. They were part of the war booty captured by the Swiss Confederates (which included troops from Gruyères) at the Battle of Morat against Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy in 1476. As Charles the Bold was celebrating the anniversary of his father's death, one of the capes is a black velvet sacerdotal vestment with Philip the Good's emblem sewn into it.

A collection of landscapes by 19th century artists Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, Barthélemy Menn and others are on display in the castle.