Monument of Remembrance

Luxembourg, Luxembourg

The Monument of Remembrance, usually known by the nickname of the Gëlle Fra (Luxembourgish for 'Golden Lady'), is a war memorial dedicated to the thousands of Luxembourgers who volunteered for service in the armed forces of the Allied Powers during World War I.

The centrepiece of the monument is a 21 metre-tall granite obelisk. Atop of the obelisk stands a gilded bronze statue of a lady, holding out a laurel wreath as if placing it upon the head of the nation. At the foot of the obelisk are two (ungilded) bronze figures, representing those Luxembourgish soldiers that volunteered to serve for France; one lies at the base of the statue, having died in service of his country, whilst the other sits, mourning his dead compatriot.

The sculptor of the three bronze figures was Claus Cito, a native Luxembourger. The model for the Gëlle Fra is unknown. The monument was opened in 1923.

During the First World War, Luxembourg pledged itself to neutrality, but was occupied by Germany, which justified its actions by citing military necessity. However, most Luxembourgers did not believe Germany's good intentions, fearing that Germany would annex their country in the event of a German victory; these claims were substantiated by Bethmann Hollweg's Septemberprogramm.

When Luxembourg was occupied by Nazi forces in World War II, the Germans dismantled the memorial on the 21st October 1940. Several portions of the memorial were rescued, and after the war, the monument was partially restored. The Gëlle Fra herself however remained unaccounted for until January 1980 when she was found hidden beneath the main stand of the national football stadium. Later additions were made to honor Luxembourger forces who had served in World War II and the Korean War.

The monument was not fully reconstructed and restored to its original design until 1984 and then finally unveiled to the public in the presence of Grand Duke Jean on the 23rd June 1985, Luxembourg's national holiday.



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Founded: 1984
Category: Statues in Luxembourg

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4.4/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Dida Ningsih (13 months ago)
nice view to the city
erdogan yanikoglu (14 months ago)
Luxembourg is an European city state. It is the beneficiary of being European. Come and enjoy real free ride in the mass transit vehicles.
Marlon Dy (2 years ago)
Christmas markets surrounds the monument in December. It is fun & festive. local foods is served here. You can visit my ig @wandering_bears for more photos.
be happy (2 years ago)
Nice and colorful. Met a beautiful Greek woman there whom I had a great conversation with and lucky for me she lodged in the same hostel with me. Lol
Kiran Vairagkar (2 years ago)
Its a monument amidst the busy attraction and square in the city. One can walk to these places very easily or even reach by alternate public transport. Its memorial for solders who participated in WWII & Korean War. Its 21 meter granite pillar with obelisk stands a gilded bronze statue representing Nike, goddess of victory, or "Queen of Freedom" holding out a laurel wreath as if placing it upon the head of the nation. The place lively though nothing outstanding as such.
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