Gýmes Castle Ruins

Jelenec, Slovakia

A striking dominant feature in the greater Nitra vicinity is the ruins of Gýmeš Castle, lying on the steep, quartzite Dúň hill. The first written mention of the village of Gýmeš was in the Zobor Deed of 1113 as part of the property belonging to the Benedictine abbey. King Andrew II presented the village in 1226 to Ivanko, descended from the ancient Hunt–Poznán family. Ivanko’s son Andrew saved the life of Béla IV in a battle at the Slaná River and became his protégé. Andrew as the patriarch of the Forgáč line, had the stone castle built on the site, replacing an old hill fort that had stood there.

The castle did not escape the interest of Maté Csák of Trencsén and decades passed before the royal army won the castle back from him in 1312. The castle remained the property of the crown until King Louis the Great gave the castle to his queen, Mary, in 1356. The Forgáčs had to wait more than seventy years for the castle to be returned to them. They lived to see the castle and related property returned to them after Blažej Forgáč, on the orders of Queen Mary of Hungary, killed her implacable enemy, Charles II of Anjou.

In the 18th century, the Forgáčs built in the village a Baroque church and also a manor house where the family later moved. As the village grew, the castle fell into decay. When it subsequently burned down in 1833, the iron support structure was used to build the local sugar refinery. The Forgáč family lived in Jelenec until 1919.



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Jelenec, Slovakia
See all sites in Jelenec


Founded: 13th century
Category: Ruins in Slovakia

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4.6/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Andrej Lenner (2 years ago)
Beautiful view on surroundings and Slovak landscape with history and nature around you
John Němeček (2 years ago)
Excellent castle ruins - enjoyned it a lot
Peter Stolc (2 years ago)
Easy climb for about 3.5 km you will reach summit of 450 meters above sea level. There are remains of the ancient castle Gymes. Beautiful views all around.
Black Dragon (2 years ago)
Just nice view, but the place is not so amazing. The road to the castle is arroud 1 hour on foot. Needs more investments.
Jorge Clementez (2 years ago)
Wonderful views on all surroundings!
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