Kowalewo Pomorskie Castle Ruins

Kowalewo Pomorskie, Poland

In 1231 the city of Kowalewo was captured by the Teutonic Knights. They soon built a castle, and in 1275 they granted city rights to this developing settlement. After the complete destruction of the city and the castle by the Tatars in 1286, relocation took place, most probably under the conditions of the Chełmno Law. The castle was rebuilt in 1278. Invasions of the Prussians, Tatars, and Lithuanians hastened the decision to build the defensive walls around the Kowalewo in the 14th century. In 1454 the city was invaded by the armies of the Prussia States who formed a rebellion against the Teutonic Knights.

Finally, in 1466 Kowalewo constituted a section of Poland. Since the 15th century in Kowalewo the Magistate Courts and Sejmik of the Chełmno Land had gathered. The city played a role of the local trade and craft center. During 1629, 1655-1657 the city was occupied and plundered by the Swedes, in 1713 by the Russians. In 1772 only 34 houses of the townspeople existed. The city walls were ruined, as well as the castle and church.



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Founded: 13th century
Category: Ruins in Poland

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The Beckov castle stands on a steep 50 m tall rock in the village Beckov. The dominance of the rock and impression of invincibility it gaves, challenged our ancestors to make use of these assets. The result is a remarkable harmony between the natural setting and architecture.

The castle first mentioned in 1200 was originally owned by the King and later, at the end of the 13th century it fell in hands of Matúš Èák. Its owners alternated - at the end of the 14th century the family of Stibor of Stiborice bought it.

The next owners, the Bánffys who adapted the Gothic castle to the Renaissance residence, improved its fortifications preventing the Turks from conquering it at the end of the 16th century. When Bánffys died out, the castle was owned by several noble families. It fell in decay after fire in 1729.

The history of the castle is the subject of different legends. One of them narrates the origin of the name of castle derived from that of jester Becko for whom the Duke Stibor had the castle built.

Another legend has it that the lord of the castle had his servant thrown down from the rock because he protected his child from the lords favourite dog. Before his death, the servant pronounced a curse saying that they would meet in a year and days time, and indeed precisely after that time the lord was bitten by a snake and fell down to the same abyss.

The well-conserved ruins of the castle, now the National Cultural Monument, are frequently visited by tourists, above all in July when the castle festival takes place. The former Ambro curia situated below the castle now shelters the exhibition of the local history.