St. Mary's Church

Toruń, Poland

The post-Franciscan Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, erected in the second half of the 14th century, is one of the most outstanding artistic and architectural achievements of sacral architecture in Poland. In the 14th century it was the highest hall church in Central Europe with the naves and aisles 26.8 metre high. The church provided inspiration for the extension of St. Johns’ Church in Toruń and St. Mary’s Church in Gdańsk in the 15th century. According to the Franciscan rule, the church does not have a tower but three rather small ave-bell towers instead. The church and the cloister remained in Franciscan hands up to the Reformation period, i.e. up to 1559. The cloister, which was the oldest and most significant in the whole of the Teutonic state, was the residence of the Prussian custos. Here during the synod of 1243 a papal bull was announced dividing the Teutonic state into four dioceses.

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Address

Panny Marii 4, Toruń, Poland
See all sites in Toruń

Details

Founded: 14th century
Category: Religious sites in Poland

More Information

www.visittorun.pl

Rating

4.6/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Eduard (2 years ago)
Definitely worth to visit.
Arturas Medeisis (2 years ago)
Beautiful and uplifting spiritual place, amazing architecture.
LaVon (2 years ago)
Quality place
David Potts (2 years ago)
Lovely old church filled with history.
Sarah Sunne (3 years ago)
Beautiful medieval wall paintings.
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The exact age of the Church of the Holy Cross is unknown, but it was built to serve as the monastery church of the Rauma Franciscan Friary. The monastery had been established in the early 15th century and a wooden church was built on this location around the year 1420.

The Church of the Holy Cross served the monastery until 1538, when it was abandoned for a hundred years as the Franciscan friary was disbanded in the Swedish Reformation. The church was re-established as a Lutheran church in 1640, when the nearby Church of the Holy Trinity was destroyed by fire.

The choir of the two-aisle grey granite church features medieval murals and frescoes. The white steeple of the church was built in 1816 and has served as a landmark for seafarers.