Ľubovňa Castle was built after 1292 by the Hungarian King Andrew III. As a border guard castle, it protected trade routes to Poland. Famous Hungarian and Polish noble families entered its history. The castle was the seat of the Polish trustees from the Spiš region for more than 350 years. Hungarian and Polish Kings and Queens, such as Mary, Sigismund, Vladislav II Jagiełło, John Albrecht, John Casimir, John Sobieski, honored the castle by their visit. Between 1655 and 1661 Polish crown jewels were hidden in the castle. Today their replicas - crown, apple, scepter and coronation mantle of Stanislaw August Poniatowski are exposed in the castle chapel. Famous adventurer Moric Beňovský who eventually became the king of Madagascar got to know the castle prison in 1768. One of the most valuable objects of the castle is definitely the main castle tower (Nebojsa) which has been preserved since the medieval era. There is an outlook tower with 360 degree view of the surroundings on the sixth floor. Just below the castle there is a unique natural museum that is definitely worth visiting.

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Founded: c. 1292
Category: Castles and fortifications in Slovakia

Rating

4.7/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Marianna Andras (4 months ago)
Amazing place, definitely a must see! The exhibition is very interesting. Do not hesitate to visit amazing open-air museum with super cute traditional slovak houses and a wooden church. There is also nice coffee place with souvenirs next to the parking lot with great coffee!
Tono Jazdec (5 months ago)
Nicely renovated. I would prefer guided tour to be more funny, he was just repeating what was written on description tabs in each room (loosing 1 star out of 5). The funniest room was one with armor to try. We've had a lot of fun there.
Michal Valent (5 months ago)
Amazing medieval castle with long history. I would highly recommend visiting this place. There is a car park below the castle yet it is quite a walk to reach main gate were you can buy tickets. You can wait for guided tour or just explore by yourself. All is marked by numbers corresponding to printed guide. Castle is well maintained and there are some ongoing works. You can climb up some tiny stairs to the watch tower. From there is beautiful view to all sides. Don't forget to visit Skanzen below the castle. It is open air museum of traditional architecture. All houses and church are made from wood.
Arturas Medeisis (5 months ago)
A very beautiful castle with excellent museum. Also very conveniently has "satellite exhibitions" - the folklore village and military exposition, all very interesting, so definitely worth to visit this "three-in-one" attraction. And to top it up stop for a delicious meal of traditional Slovak dishes at the nearby "Salaš u Franka" - another local attraction all of its own :-)
Viktor V (8 months ago)
One of best maintained castles in Slovakia. Traditional village museum was also fantastic, informative and green.
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Lorca Castle

Castle of Lorca (Castillo de Lorca) is a fortress of medieval origin constructed between the 9th and 15th centuries. It consists of a series of defensive structures that, during the Middle Ages, made the town and the fortress an impregnable point in the southeast part of the Iberian Peninsula. Lorca Castle was a key strategic point of contention between Christians and Muslims during the Reconquista.

Archaeological excavations have revealed that the site of the castle has been inhabited since Neolithic times.

Muslim Era

It has not been determined exactly when a castle or fortress was first built on the hill. The first written documentation referring to a castle at Lorca is of Muslim origin, which in the 9th century, indicates that the city of Lurqa was an important town in the area ruled by Theudimer (Tudmir). During Muslim rule, Lorca Castle was an impregnable fortress and its interior was divided into two sections by the Espaldón Wall. In the western part, there was an area used to protect livestock and grain in times of danger. The eastern part had a neighbourhood called the barrio de Alcalá.

After Reconquista

Lorca was conquered by the Castilian Infante Don Alfonso, the future Alfonso X, in 1244, and the fortress became a key defensive point against the Kingdom of Granada. For 250 years, Lorca Castle was a watchpoint on the border between the Christian kingdom of Murcia and the Muslim state of Granada.

Alfonso X ordered the construction of the towers known as the Alfonsina and Espolón Towers, and strengthened and fixed the walls. Hardly a trace of the Muslim fortress remained due to this reconstruction. Muslim traces remain in the foundation stones and the wall known as the muro del Espaldón.

The Jewish Quarter was found within the alcazaba, the Moorish fortification, separated from the rest of the city by its walls. The physical separation had the purpose of protecting the Jewish people in the town from harm, but also had the result of keeping Christians and Jews separate, with the Christians inhabiting the lower part of town.

The remains of the Jewish Quarter extended over an area of 5,700 square m, and 12 homes and a synagogue have been found; the synagogue dates from the 14th century and is the only one found in the Murcia. The streets of the town had an irregular layout, adapted to the landscape, and is divided into four terraces. The synagogue was in the central location, and around it were the homes. The homes were of rectangular shape, with various compartmentalized rooms. The living quarters were elevated and a common feature was benches attached to the walls, kitchens, stand for earthenware jars, or cupboards.

Modern history

With the disappearance of the frontier after the conquest of Granada in 1492, Lorca Castle no longer became as important as before. With the expulsion of the Jews by order of Ferdinand and Isabella, Lorca Castle was also depopulated as a result. The castle was abandoned completely, and was almost a complete ruin by the 18th century. In the 19th century, the castle was refurbished due to the War of Spanish Independence. The walls and structures were repaired or modified and its medieval look changed. A battery of cannons was installed, for example, during this time. In 1931 Lorca Castle was declared a National Historic Monument.

Currently, a parador (luxury hotel) has been built within the castle. As a result, archaeological discoveries have been found, including the Jewish Quarter.