Archangel Michael Church

Dębno, Poland

The wooden church of the Archangel Michael in Debno is first mentioned in 1335. The present building, the second on the site, dates from the late 15th century. This church has a unique example of medieval decorations. The ceiling and the interior walls are painted using stencils from the 15th and 16th centuries. The decoration contains more than 77 motifs: architectural recalling Gothic forms, animal, human and religious.

The church is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Wooden Churches of Southern Lesser Poland and Subcarpathia. The wooden churches of southern Little Poland represent outstanding examples of the different aspects of medieval church-building traditions in Roman Catholic culture.

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Address

Kościelna 39, Dębno, Poland
See all sites in Dębno

Details

Founded: 15th century
Category: Religious sites in Poland

Rating

4.3/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Mariusz Folta (2 years ago)
Must see this place.
Andrea Takacova (2 years ago)
Realy nice church
Desmond P (2 years ago)
Tiny church but what a beautiful building. Over 800 years old it's amazing really must see. Surrounding views are also great!
Carlos Eduardo Menezes de Rezende (2 years ago)
Well preserved wooden church from XV Century.
Arthur Kaiser (3 years ago)
So first of all I waited about half an hour to get in this "Church" there were so many people it was just incredible... And then it looked so average nothing special.. it looked like a old church. These positive ratings here are so wrong cannot understand why someone should give this a good rating. In my view its just a cheap way to waste some time for the Tour guides. Do Not recommend!
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Kalozha Church

The Kalozha church of Saints Boris and Gleb is the oldest extant structure in Hrodna. It is the only surviving monument of ancient Black Ruthenian architecture, distinguished from other Orthodox churches by prolific use of polychrome faceted stones of blue, green or red tint which could be arranged to form crosses or other figures on the wall.

The church is a cross-domed building supported by six circular pillars. The outside is articulated with projecting pilasters, which have rounded corners, as does the building itself. The ante-nave contains the choir loft, accessed by a narrow gradatory in the western wall. Two other stairs were discovered in the walls of the side apses; their purpose is not clear. The floor is lined with ceramic tiles forming decorative patterns. The interior was lined with innumerable built-in pitchers, which usually serve in Eastern Orthodox churches as resonators but in this case were scored to produce decorative effects. For this reason, the central nave has never been painted.

The church was built before 1183 and survived intact, depicted in the 1840s by Michał Kulesza, until 1853, when the south wall collapsed, due to its perilous location on the high bank of the Neman. During restoration works, some fragments of 12th-century frescoes were discovered in the apses. Remains of four other churches in the same style, decorated with pitchers and coloured stones instead of frescoes, were discovered in Hrodna and Vaŭkavysk. They all date back to the turn of the 13th century, as do remains of the first stone palace in the Old Hrodna Castle.

In 2004, the church was included in the Tentative List of UNESCO"s World Heritage Sites.