Arènes de Lutèce

Paris, France

The Arènes de Lutèce are among the most important remains from the Gallo-Roman era in Paris (known in antiquity as Lutetia, or Lutèce in French), together with the Thermes de Cluny. Lying in what is now the Quartier Latin, this amphitheater could once seat 15,000 people, and was used to present gladiatorial combats.

Constructed in the 1st century AD, this amphitheater is considered the longest of its kind constructed by the Romans. The sunken arena of the amphitheater was surrounded by the wall of a podium 2.5 m high, surmounted by a parapet. The presence of a 41.2m long stage allowed scenes to alternate between theatrical productions and combat. A series of nine niches aided in improving the acoustics. Five cubbyholes were situated beneath the lower terraces, of which three appear to have been animal cages that opened directly into the arena. Historians believe that the terraces, which surrounded more than half of the arena's circumference, could accommodate as many as 17,000 spectators.

Slaves, the poor, and women were relegated to the higher tiers — while the lower seating areas were reserved for Roman male citizens. For comfort, a linen awning sheltered spectators from the hot sun. Circus acts showcased wild animals. From its vantage point, the amphitheater also afforded a spectacular view of the Bièvre and Seine rivers.

When Lutèce was sacked during the barbaric invasions of 280 A.D., some of the structure's stone work was carted off to reinforce the city's defences around the Île de la Cité. Subsequently, the amphitheater became a cemetery, and then it was filled in completely following the construction of wall of Philippe Auguste (ca. 1210).

Centuries later, even though the surrounding neighbourhood (quartier) had retained the name les Arènes, no one really knew exactly where the ancient arena had been. It was discovered by Théodore Vaquer during the building of the Rue Monge between 1860–1869, when the Compagnie Générale des Omnibus sought to build a tramway depot on the site.

Spearheaded by the author Victor Hugo (1802–1885) and a few other intellectuals, a preservation committee called la Société des Amis des Arènes undertook to save the archaeological treasure. After the demolition of the Couvent des Filles de Jésus-Christ in 1883, one-third of the arena was uncovered. The Municipal Council dedicated funds to restoring the arena and establishing it as a public square, which was opened in 1896.

After the tramway lines and depot were dismantled in 1916 and line 10 of the Paris Métro was constructed, the doctor and anthropologist Jean-Louis Capitan (1854–1929) continued with additional excavation and restoration of the arena toward the end of World War I. The neighbouring Square Capitan, built on the site of the old Saint-Victor reservoir, is dedicated to his memory. Unfortunately, a portion of the original arena — opposite the stage — was lost to buildings which line rue Monge.

Standing in the centre of the arena one can still observe significant remnants of the stage and its nine niches, as well as the grilled cages in the wall. The stepped terraces are not original, but historians believe that 41 arched openings punctuated the façade.

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Address

Rue Linné 25, Paris, France
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Details

Founded: 0-100 AD
Category: Prehistoric and archaeological sites in France
Historical period: Roman Gaul (France)

Rating

4.1/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Alexandra Alazet (3 years ago)
Nice place full of history... but also a place where people come to have lunch, play game,etc... Good to see but a few minutes is enough. If you're in Paris only for a few days don't bother going there you'll find much better places elsewhere.
James Sorrentino (3 years ago)
It was being utilized by a fitness group,as well and some children playing football. The history is quite intriguing and I almost walked past the entrance. Google maps makes it look like an open park however it actually is behind a building and the entrance is the size of a large door.
Mary Robinson (3 years ago)
One of my favorite places in Paris! Quiet little park, perfect for taking a break from the bustle of the city.
Thomas Just Sørensen (3 years ago)
The ancient arena is next to a small park where there are a communal herb garden and a playground. Both the park and the arena is great to visit with kids. Bring a ball and the small green oasis can make for hours of entertainment for a family.
Marrika Zapiler (4 years ago)
Arènes de Luce is tucked away in a quiet neighborhood near the apartment I stayed at in Paris, and when I stopped by on my last morning, it was mostly empty aside from few locals enjoying the peace and quiet. While it's not the most famous landmark in Paris, it's a neat reminder of the city's Roman origins and well worth a visit if you happen to be nearby.
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