Šamorín Gothic church is composed of three naves. The eastern part of the church, an early Gothic holy cave, was constructed in the first half of the thirteenth century. Its outer walls bear traces of the late reconstruction. This, and the supporting pillars, may have been the work of Bratislava's mayor Alexander’s son Karol shortly after 1287. The holy cave was lit by five arched windows. Among these, only three east side windows are original, made in the first half of the 13th century. The two remaining windows on the south side were refurbished in the Gothic style in the 15th century, then in the Baroque style in the 18th century and, finally, enlarged in 1931.
After reconstruction around 1290, the whole church was decorated with painted figures, which were later covered but were revealed again during restoration. There are also paintings of standing Saints, a depiction of Holy Mary's death and Judging Jesus. The north side wing was built/rebuilt later, probably after some kind of a disaster, fire or possibly flood.
The organ case dates from the second half of the 19th century. The wooden gate on the outside of the north hall was made in 1844; the altar was made of red marble in 1904.References:
German crusaders known as the Livonian Brothers of the Sword began construction of the Cēsis castle (Wenden) near the hill fort in 1209. When the castle was enlarged and fortified, it served as the residence for the Order's Master from 1237 till 1561, with periodic interruptions. Its ruins are some of the most majestic castle ruins in the Baltic states. Once the most important castle of the Livonian Order, it was the official residence for the masters of the order.
In 1577, during the Livonian War, the garrison destroyed the castle to prevent it from falling into the control of Ivan the Terrible, who was decisively defeated in the Battle of Wenden (1578).
In 1598 it was incorporated into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Wenden Voivodship was created here. In 1620 Wenden was conquered by Sweden. It was rebuilt afterwards, but was destroyed again in 1703 during the Great Northern War by the Russian army and left in a ruined state. Already from the end of the 16th century, the premises of the Order's castle were adjusted to the requirements of the Cēsis Castle estate. When in 1777 the Cēsis Castle estate was obtained by Count Carl Sievers, he had his new residence house built on the site of the eastern block of the castle, joining its end wall with the fortification tower.
Since 1949, the Cēsis History Museum has been located in this New Castle of the Cēsis Castle estate. The front yard of the New Castle is enclosed by a granary and a stable-coach house, which now houses the Exhibition Hall of the Museum. Beside the granary there is the oldest brewery in Latvia, Cēsu alus darītava, which was built in 1878 during the later Count Sievers' time, but its origins date back to the period of the Livonian Order. Further on, the Cēsis Castle park is situated, which was laid out in 1812. The park has the romantic characteristic of that time, with its winding footpaths, exotic plants, and the waters of the pond reflecting the castle's ruins. Nowadays also one of the towers is open for tourists.