St. John the Baptist Cathedral

Trnava, Slovakia

St. John the Baptist Cathedral is the first purely Baroque building built in present-day Slovakia. It is part of a complex of academical buildings. The donor of this Cathedral, Miklós Eszterházy, entrusted its construction to the Italian masters Antonio and Pietro Spazzi in 1629. The not-yet-finished cathedral was consecrated in 1637.

The single-nave two-tower Cathedral with straight seal of sanctuary has a west aspect and is about 61 metres in length and 28 metres in width. Above its main portal there is a shield with figures of seated angels and the stoned crest of the Esterházy family.

The interior of the Cathedral amazes a visitor with its massiveness and variety of unique paintings. The main area has barrel vaults with lunettes, while in the chapels on both sides of nave can be found cloister vaults.

The biggest treasure of the whole interior is the colossal main altar which was finished in 1640. On its realisation participated besides the Austrian master B. Knilling and V. Knoth also V. Stadler from Trnava and master Ferdinand from Cífer. The altar is 20.3 metres high and 14.8 metres wide and is one of the biggest altars of its kind in Europe.

The church doesn’t hold only spiritual functions; there were many theological treatises and graduations. Very interesting also are the catacombs with graves.

In December 1978 Pope John Paul II established the church as the Cathedral of the Archdiocese of Trnava. The name of the archdiocese was changed in 1995 to the Archdiocese of Bratislava-Trnava and in 2008 changed back to the Archdiocese of Trnava. Pope John Paul II visited the cathedral on November 9, 2003.

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Founded: 1629-1637
Category: Religious sites in Slovakia

Rating

4.8/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

mirka amrit (7 months ago)
This is a beautiful cathedral! The wood and marbel work is stunning! The interior is very rich in decorations, there are gold accents everywhere! It was visited by the Pope himself.So you can imagine why local people call it the most beautiful church in the city of Small Rome( it is the historical nickname of Trnava ).
Nasser M (9 months ago)
Beautiful. Must see.
Niklas Belgaard (9 months ago)
Imposing church in baroque style. The interior is absolutely stunning
Der Vorleser (2 years ago)
Nice and cool on a hot summer's day
Lilian Klingenberg (3 years ago)
The most beautiful cathedral in Trnava, very well maintained and beautiful to see.We were very impressed.
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