Vigala estate is one of the oldest in Estonia and belonged to the family of Uexkülls. The history of manor date back to the 13th century. It was transferred to its present location in the 1760s.The two-storey Early Classicist main building was constructed in the 1770s and slightly altered in the 1860s. The building was burnt down in 1905 but thereafter restored to its previous form; it now houses a school. The family cemetery of the von Uexkülls together with a cemetery chapel lies in a farther part of the park.

References: Eesti Maaturism, Estonian Manors

Comments

Your name

Website (optional)



Details

Founded: 1770s
Category: Palaces, manors and town halls in Estonia
Historical period: Part of the Russian Empire (Estonia)

Rating

4.5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

sandra olen (5 months ago)
kauri voosalu (2 years ago)
Arvo Liivlaid (2 years ago)
Huvitav koht ja tore rahvas.
Andrus Nau (2 years ago)
Vana -vigala mõis
Anatoly Ko (6 years ago)
Vigala, Raplamaa, 58.778902, 24.251246‎ 58° 46' 44.05", 24° 15' 4.49" Усадьба Вана-Вигала является самой старой в Эстонии. С 14 века до 1919 года усадьба принадлежала семье Уекскюллей. Изначально, центральная часть мызы находилась на расстоянии от сегодняшней, на расстоянии нескольких километров в западном направлении (сохранились развалины вазального замка). На сегодняшнем месте мыза находится с 17 века. В 1745 году хозяин мызы и бывший садовник мызы Адила, Кр. Андерс заключили договор об обустройстве парковой зоны. В 1772 году, во времена, когда хозяином мызы был Г. В. Фон Уекскюль, началось строительство нового двухэтажного господского дома в стиле барокко. Работы прервала усадка дома, начиная с 1775 года здание было перенесено под крышу. Стиль постройки похож на стиль усадьбы, принадлежащей брату хозяина этой мызы, Х.Г. фон Уекскюлля, которому принадлежала усадьба Кабала, которая находится в Ярвамаа (1774). В 1858 году здание отремонтировали, в 1864 году немного был изменён фасад. В 1905 году господский дом мызы был подожжен, позжднее, его восстановили в, практически, идеальном виде. Постройка является характерной для 18 века. Дом был двухэтажным с треугольным фронтоном, с центральным ризалитом (на внешней поверхности фронтона расположен герб владельцев мызы) и с боковыми ризалитами. Перед входом в здание находится широкий балкон, который поддерживают каменные столбы, на фасаде расположены стойки с композиционной капителью. Цокольный этаж сводчатый с просторным вестибюлем, сводчатый потолок опирается на две массивных каменных стойки. На стене вестибюля находится античный рельеф, датируемый 2 веком до Р.Х. Зал и другие анфиладные представительные комнаты находятся на втором этаже.
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Porta Nigra

The Porta Nigra (Latin for black gate) is the largest Roman city gate north of the Alps. It is designated as part of the Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St. Peter and Church of Our Lady in Trier UNESCO World Heritage Site. The name Porta Nigra originated in the Middle Ages due to the darkened colour of its stone; the original Roman name has not been preserved. Locals commonly refer to the Porta Nigra simply as Porta.

The Porta Nigra was built in grey sandstone between 186 and 200 AD. The original gate consisted of two four-storied towers, projecting as near semicircles on the outer side. A narrow courtyard separated the two gate openings on either side. For unknown reasons, however, the construction of the gate remained unfinished. For example, the stones at the northern (outer) side of the gate were never abraded, and the protruding stones would have made it impossible to install movable gates. Nonetheless, the gate was used for several centuries until the end of the Roman era in Trier.

In Roman times, the Porta Nigra was part of a system of four city gates, one of which stood at each side of the roughly rectangular Roman city. The Porta Nigra guarded the northern entry to the Roman city, while the Porta Alba (White Gate) was built in the east, the Porta Media (Middle Gate) in the south, and the Porta Inclyta (Famous Gate) in the west, next to the Roman bridge across the Moselle. The gates stood at the ends of the two main streets of the Roman Trier, one of which led north-south and the other east-west. Of these gates, only the Porta Nigra still exists today.

In the early Middle Ages the Roman city gates were no longer used for their original function and their stones were taken and reused for other buildings. Also iron and lead braces were broken out of the walls of the Porta Nigra for reuse. Traces of this destruction are still clearly visible on the north side of the gate.

After 1028, the Greek monk Simeon lived as a hermit in the ruins of the Porta Nigra. After his death (1035) and sanctification, the Simeonstift monastery was built next to the Porta Nigra to honor him. Saving it from further destruction, the Porta Nigra was transformed into a church: The inner court of the gate was roofed and intermediate ceilings were inserted. The two middle storeys of the former gate were converted into church naves: the upper storey being for the monks and the lower storey for the general public. The ground floor with the large gates was sealed, and a large outside staircase was constructed alongside the south side (the town side) of the gate, up to the lower storey of the church. A small staircase led further up to the upper storey. The church rooms were accessible through former windows of the western tower of the Porta Nigra that were enlarged to become entrance doors (still visible today). The top floor of the western tower was used as church tower, the eastern tower was leveled, and an apse added at its east side. An additional gate - the much smaller Simeon Gate - was built adjacent to the East side of the Porta Nigra and served as a city gate in medieval times.

In 1802 Napoleon Bonaparte dissolved the church in the Porta Nigra and the monastery beside it, along with the vast majority of Trier"s numerous churches and monasteries. On his visit to Trier in 1804, Napoleon ordered that the Porta Nigra be converted back to its Roman form. Only the apse was kept; but the eastern tower was not rebuilt to its original height. Local legend has it that Napoleon originally wanted to completely tear down the church, but locals convinced him that the church had actually been a Gaulish festival hall before being turned into a church. Another version of the story is that they told him about its Roman origins, persuading him to convert the gate back to its original form.

In 1986 the Porta Nigra was designated a World Heritage Site, along with other Roman monuments in Trier and its surroundings. The modern appearance of the Porta Nigra goes back almost unchanged to the reconstruction ordered by Napoleon. At the south side of the Porta Nigra, remains of Roman columns line the last 100 m of the street leading to the gate. Positioned where they had stood in Roman times, they give a slight impression of the aspect of the original Roman street that was lined with colonnades. The Porta Nigra, including the upper floors, is open to visitors.