St. Elizabeth's Lutheran Church

Pärnu, Estonia

The Lutheran church named after Empress Elizabethis one of the most significant Baroque-style churches in Estonia. It was built betweenn 1744-1747 under the guidance of J. H. Güterbock from Riga.

The neo-gothic pulpit and altar were made in 1850; the altarpiece (“Resurrection”) dating from 1854 was completed in Van der Kann’s workshop in Rotterdam. In 1893, the wooden building of the oldest theatre of the town (Küün) in the southern part of the plot was demolished and the southern wing was erected (designed by R. Häusermann, a construction master from Riga). The organ, built in 1929 by H. Kolbe of Riga, is among the best in Estonia. In 1995 the extension with offices was completed (architect R. Luhse).

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Address

Nikolai 22, Pärnu, Estonia
See all sites in Pärnu

Details

Founded: 1744-1747
Category: Religious sites in Estonia
Historical period: Part of the Russian Empire (Estonia)

More Information

www.tourism360.net

Rating

4.4/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Marek Laanisto (52 days ago)
Ok
Baston Baston (5 months ago)
Full of light,nice church that making perfomans/concerts some times.
George On tour (5 months ago)
The first large church in Pärnu was completed in the present Old-Pärnu cemetery : the Cathedral carrying the name of St. Toomas, which was destroyed in the war. From the middle ages, Nikolai ( Niguliste , the sailor's protector Nikolause ), on the shores of the Pärnu River, has been the longest in history ever since. The only one after the 16th century was the wars left, it became the main church . From 1526 to 1582 Lutheran worship was held there. During the repression , the church was given to the Catholics . From the 17th century , the saint belonged to the German Lutherans, including the Swedes and several times to the Estonian congregations when needed. The church of Nikolai burned in September 1944 and was finally destroyed after the Second World War .
Johanna Blom (7 months ago)
The lady at the entrance was very friendly. Sad that the church looks like it's deteriorating from the outside but the inside is still OK shape.
Rüüt Kaljula (3 years ago)
The oldest preserved protestant church in Pärnu, situated in the town centre. It was built in the year 1747.
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Lübeck Cathedral

Lübeck Cathedral is a large brick-built Lutheran cathedral in Lübeck, Germany and part of the Lübeck UNESCO World Heritage Site. In 1173 Henry the Lion founded the cathedral to serve the Diocese of Lübeck, after the transfer in 1160 of the bishop's seat from Oldenburg in Holstein under bishop Gerold. The then Romanesque cathedral was completed around 1230, but between 1266 and 1335 it was converted into a Gothic-style building with side-aisles raised to the same height as the main aisle.

On the night of Palm Sunday (28–29 March) 1942 a Royal Air Force bombing raid destroyed a fifth of the town centre. Several bombs fell in the area around the church, causing the eastern vault of the quire to collapse and destroying the altar which dated from 1696. A fire from the neighbouring cathedral museum spread to the truss of the cathedral, and around noon on Palm Sunday the towers collapsed. An Arp Schnitger organ was lost in the flames. Nevertheless, a relatively large portion of the internal fittings was saved, including the cross and almost all of the medieval polyptychs. In 1946 a further collapse, of the gable of the north transept, destroyed the vestibule almost completely.

Reconstruction of the cathedral took several decades, as greater priority was given to the rebuilding of the Marienkirche. Work was completed only in 1982.

The cathedral is unique in that at 105 m, it is shorter than the tallest church in the city. This is the consequence of a power struggle between the church and the guilds.

The 17 m crucifix is the work of the Lübeck artist Bernt Notke. It was commissioned by the bishop of Lübeck, Albert II. Krummendiek, and erected in 1477. The carvings which decorate the rood screen are also by Notke.

Since the war, the famous altar of Hans Memling has been in the medieval collection of the St. Annen Museum, but notable polyptychs remain in the cathedral.

In the funeral chapels of the southern aisle are Baroque-era memorials by the Flemish sculptor Thomas Quellinus.