Bydlin Castle Ruins

Bydlin, Poland

Bydlin Castle was built in the 14th century and appears in documents after 1389. The builder of the castle was probably Niemierza of Strzała or his father Pełka. At the end of the 15th century the stronghold became the Brzezickis’ property, and then the Szczepanoskis’ and the Boners’. In the second half of the 16th century Jan Firlej transformed the castle into the Arian Protestant Church, and at the end of the 16th cent. his son, Mikołaj Firlej, converted it into the Catholic Church of the Holy Cross. The building was abandoned at the end of the 18th century due to escalating assaults of the brigands and since then it has been falling into ruin.



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Legionów 61, Bydlin, Poland
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Founded: 14th century
Category: Ruins in Poland

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3.9/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Pawel Piotrkowski (2 years ago)
Ładny zamek, warto się tu wybrać. Pierwsze wzmianki na temat zamku sięgają końca XIV w. Na wysokim, skalistym wzgórzu wzniesiono wtedy warownię – wieżę obronną. Swoją pierwotną funkcję pełniła przez około dwieście lat. Początkowym właścicielem był syn Niemierzy z Gołczy. Do czasu, kiedy w XVI w. przeszedł na własność Bonerów, a następnie Firlejów, zamek miał około dwudziestu właścicieli. Na początku XVI w. Firlejowie dokonali przebudowy murów zamku na kościół. W okresie reformacji ok. 1570 r. Jan Firlej (ówczesny właściciel Bydlina) na krótki czas zamienił kościół na zbór ariański. W 1594 r. jego syn Mikołaj ponownie przeobraził świątynię na kościół katolicki pw. Świętego Krzyża, od którego nazwę przejęło obecnie całe wzgórze. W 1655 r. kościół zburzyli Szwedzi idący na Częstochowę. Obecnie jest w ruinie ale warto się tu wybrać.
Michał Pawłowski (3 years ago)
polishamericanjunky 102 (3 years ago)
Not much to see, hidden in tbe forest but still a piece of history
Georgia Ly Greis (3 years ago)
A hidden place in the forest, parking available next to the church cemetery
Piotr Garbacz (4 years ago)
nice ruins
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Construction was started in 1499 by the Danish knight Jens Holgersen Ulfstand and stone-cutter-mason and architect Adam van Düren, a North German master who also worked on Lund Cathedral. Construction was completed in 1506.

Ulfstand was a councillor, nobleman and admiral serving under John I of Denmark and many objects have been uncovered during archeological excavations that demonstrate the extravagant lifestyle of the knight's family at Glimmingehus up until Ulfstand's death in 1523. Some of the most expensive objects for sale in Europe during this period, such as Venetian glass, painted glass from the Rhine district and Spanish ceramics have been found here. Evidence of the family's wealth can also be seen inside the stone fortress, where everyday comforts for the knight's family included hot air channels in the walls and bench seats in the window recesses. Although considered comfortable for its period, it has also been argued that Glimmingehus was an expression of "Knighthood nostalgia" and not considered opulent or progressive enough even to the knight's contemporaries and especially not to later generations of the Scanian nobility. Glimmingehus is thought to have served as a residential castle for only a few generations before being transformed into a storage facility for grain.

An order from Charles XI to the administrators of the Swedish dominion of Scania in 1676 to demolish the castle, in order to ensure that it would not fall into the hands of the Danish king during the Scanian War, could not be executed. A first attempt, in which 20 Scanian farmers were ordered to assist, proved unsuccessful. An additional force of 130 men were sent to Glimmingehus to execute the order in a second attempt. However, before they could carry out the order, a Danish-Dutch naval division arrived in Ystad, and the Swedes had to abandon the demolition attempts. Throughout the 18th century the castle was used as deposit for agricultural produce and in 1924 it was donated to the Swedish state. Today it is administered by the Swedish National Heritage Board.

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