Church of St. Adalbert

Kraków, Poland

The Church of St. Adalbert is one of the oldest stone churches in Poland. The Church was built in the 11th century and named after the martyred missionary Saint Adalbert whose body was bought back for its weight in gold from the pagan Prussia and placed in Gniezno Cathedral by Boleslaus I of Poland. The interior of the church is cramped, relative to its larger exterior. The floor level is situated under the present level of the Square, which reflects the overlaying of the subsequent surfaces of the plaza with pavement originally adjusted to the two already existing churches (St. Wojciech/Adalbert and St. Mary's Basilica). The church was partially reconstructed in the Baroque style between 1611-1618.

According to the Archeological Museum of Kraków, the oldest relics reveal a wooden structure built at the end of the 10th century and followed by an original stone church constructed in the 11th century, as seen in the lower parts of the walls. These walls became a foundation for a new church built around the turn of the 11th and 12th centuries from smaller rectangular stones. Since the level of the plaza, overlaid with new pavement, rose between 2 to 2.6 meters, the walls of the church were raised up in the 17th century and then covered with stucco. The new entrance was built from the west side and the church was topped with the new Baroque dome. The restoration of the church conducted in the 19th century led to the discovery of its Romanesque past.

At present, the walls of the church are unearthed to show their lowest level. On the south side there's a Romanesque portal and corresponding stone step. The crypt of the church has been adapted by the Archeological Museum as a small Museum of the History of the Market Square showing a permanent exhibit of 'The History of the Kraków Market.'



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Founded: 11th century
Category: Religious sites in Poland

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4.7/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Małgorzata KS (11 months ago)
A small church in the middle of Rynek Główny. Compared to other churches on the market square, it is not very decorated, but still beautiful.
Marcin Krupski (13 months ago)
Although the church was rebuilt and furnished in the spirit of baroque in the 17th century, its basic form dates back to the 11th and 12th centuries. The original Romanesque elements of the church are the most ancient built heritage in the Main Market Square. A section of a wall of limestone cobbles and a portal (from Grodzka Street) are disclosed today nearly 2 m (6.5 ft) below the current level of the square. Just imagine this used to be the original floor level of the Main Market Square!
David-James Ferguson (2 years ago)
An incredible tiny historic church right in the heart of the city. A fun little fact is that you can see the original entrance a good eight or so feet underground, that shows you how the height of the city has increased since it was originally built!
David Orman (2 years ago)
Tiny, beautifully intimate church set in the heart of Krakow.
George Starakis (3 years ago)
One of my best cities. I loved Krakow's Xmas market so much and its tasty mushroom soup. If you like this shot , I would be grateful if you would follow my ig profile @george.starakis Wish you a merry Christmas
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