Oberschönenfeld Abbey

Gessertshausen, Germany

Oberschönenfeld Abbey is a Cistercian nunnery in Gessertshausen. As early as around 1186 there were Beguines, or a similar community of women, on this site. In about 1211 they formed a more structured community which by 1248, when the church was dedicated to the Virgin Mary, had been formally constituted as a Cistercian nunnery, accounted a daughter house of Kaisheim Abbey; its founders were the local nobleman Volkmar von Kemnat and Hartmann von Dillingen, Bishop of Augsburg, of the family of the Counts of Dillingen.

Between 1718 and 1721 the monastic buildings were reconstructed in their present Baroque form by the master builder Franz Beer, as was the church later.

Until 1803 the abbey was reichsunmittelbar and exercised territorial lordship over the villages of Gessertshausen and Altenmünster.

In 1803 the abbey was dissolved in the course of the secularisation of Bavaria. The nuns were not expelled, however, and the nunnery was reopened in 1836 by King Ludwig I of Bavaria as a priory, which was made an abbey again in 1918.

In the stables, unused since 1972, the Bezirk Schwaben established the Swabian Folklore and Crafts Museum in 1984. Here are also the nature reserve house of the Augsburg-Western Woods Nature Reserve and the Swabian Gallery (for revolving exhibitions).

References:

Comments

Your name

Website (optional)



Details

Founded: 1211-1248
Category: Religious sites in Germany
Historical period: Hohenstaufen Dynasty (Germany)

Rating

4.6/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Richard Prues (16 months ago)
Hier giebt es das beste Brot das es zu kaufen gibt. Sehr schöne Anlage und zur Weihnachtszeit ein toller kleiner Weihnachtsmarkt.
Mrs Rossi (17 months ago)
Sehr schöne und gepflegte Anlage. Läd zum verweilen ein. Das Brot der Klosterbäckerei ist soooo lecker! Allein deshalb lohnt sich eine Fahrt hierhin. Im Wald ringsrum kann man stundenlang spazieren gehen. Auch für Kinder gibt es genügend zu erleben.
Margit Hofmann (18 months ago)
Schöner Weihnachtsmarkt, Super gebackenes Brot!! Wir haben Wild gegessen, sehr große Portion, die Bedienung hat bei unserer Rechnung die Getränke von den beiden Frauen die auch mit am Tisch saßen auf unsere Rechnung geschrieben, obwohl sie bereits vorher die einkassierte! Ich bemerkte es erst Zuhause!!
Ute Krüger (18 months ago)
Schöne Anlage. Waren schon öfter hier zu Ausstellungen, Töpfermarkt und Weihnachtsmarkt. Alles immer sehr liebevoll gestaltet. Auch unsere Krippe haben wir auf dem Weihnachtsmarkt hier gefunden. In einem kleinen Laden kann man auch regionalen Käse und selbst hergestelltes Brot und diverses anderes erstehen.
Brigitte Müller (2 years ago)
Der Weihnachtsmarkt ist richtig schön. Tolle Atmosphäre. Sehr Empfehlenswert.
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Astrakhan Kremlin

For centuries, the Astrakhan Kremlin was inapproachable stronghold in the south-eastern border of the Russia.  The first construction of the Kremlin began in 1587-1588 under the guidance of I.G. Vorodkov, a lector of Discharge Order. He laid the first wooden fortress with powerful solid walls and towers. The place of construction was chosen on the hill, known as “Rabbit” or “Zayachii” in Russian.

During the reign of Ivan IV The Terrible and Boris Godunov the wooden fortress was rebuilt into a stone one. For the development of Kremlin walls and towers state-owned official masters were headed from Moscow to Astrakhan. For best results executives used the old, but very strong Tatar plinths which were brought from the ruins of the cities of the Golden Horde towns. Stone citadel was built by the type of Moscow Kremlin.

Next two centuries have become relatively calm for the Kremlin. Its buildings were repaired, rebuilt and renewed. However, in the beginning of 20th century after the October Revolution access to the Kremlin was closed. Instead it was transformed as a military post, where groups of Red Guards were formed the Military Revolutionary Committee was placed.

In January 1918 Astrakhan Kremlin was once again in the middle of fateful events, when supporters of Soviet power fought with Astrkhan Cossaks. They attacked The Red Army that was entrenched in the Kremlin, from roofs of nearby buildings. Serious destruction was caused to the Kremlin after this battle. In 1919 the Army was reorganized under the leadership of Kirov to protect the outfall of Volga and to defeat the White Guard troops and foreign interventionists.

Only after the end of the World War II the town opened the access to the Kremlin. At the same time Kremlin ceases to be subject of military purposes. In the mid-20th century significant restoration works were held, due to which many buildings, requiring urgent repairs were saved.

In 1974 the Astrakhan Kremlin became a museum. Nowadays citizens and tourists of Astrakhan have the access to museum exhibits of the lifestyle of the Astrakhan Garrison. Moreover they can see Casual Suits archers and scorers, elements of their weapons and ammunition, the exhibition dedicated to the history of popular uprisings and corporal punishment. In 2011, after the restoration of the kremlin, Guardhouse exposition was opened, which tells about the life of Astrakhan military garrison of the 19th century.

Assumption Cathedral

Construction of Assumption Cathedral began in 1699 and lasted almost 12 years. The bell tower was erected in 1710. The exterior of the Cathedral was decorated with molded brick and carved with white stone. Windows and dome heads were framed by columns in the style of Corinthian décor and semicircular arches were filled with paintings with biblical plot. Three of such arches were arranged on each side of the temple.

The cathedral was divided into two floors: the upper church is dedicated to the honor of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin. Tall and light temple was intended for ceremonial worships during warm months. The lower church which is dark lightened and surrounded by the gallery columns.