Vaux-de-Cernay Abbey

Cernay-la-Ville, France

Vaux-de-Cernay Abbey was founded in 1118 when Simon de Neauffle and his wife Eve donated the land for this foundation to the monks of Savigny Abbey, in order to have a monastery built in honour of the Mother of God and Saint John the Baptist. Vital, Abbot of Savigny, accepted their offer, and sent a group of monks under the direction of Arnaud, who became their first abbot. Besides the founders, others of the nobility came to the aid of the new Savigniac community.

As soon as the abbey was well established, many postulants were admitted, thus making possible in 1137 the foundation of Le Breuil-Benoît Abbey in the Diocese of Evreux. In 1148 Vaux-de-Cernay, together with the entire Congregation of Savigny, entered the Order of Cîteaux and became an affiliation of Clairvaux Abbey. From this time on they prospered, building a church in the simple Cistercian style. Over time, additional buildings were constructed, as well as a mill, and a fish farm.

Many of its abbots became well known. Andrew, the fourth, died as Bishop of Arras. Guy of Vaux-de-Cernay, the sixth, was delegated by the General Chapter to accompany the Fourth Crusade in 1203. Three years later he was one of the principal figures in the Albigensian Crusade, which fought against the Cathars. In recognition of his service he was made Bishop of Carcassonne (1211) and is commemorated in the Cistercian Menology. His nephew Peter of Vaux-de-Cernay, also a monk of the abbey, accompanied him on this crusade, and left a chronicle of the Cathars and the war against them.

It was under Thomas, Peter's successor, that Porrois Abbey, a Cistercian nunnery, later renamed the Abbey of Port-Royal, was founded and placed under the direction of the abbots of Vaux-de-Cernay. The ninth abbot, Thibault de Marley (1235-47), a descendant of the Montmorency family, was canonized.

Towards the end of the fourteenth century the monastery began losing its fervour, both on account of its wealth and because of the disturbed state of the Île-de-France during the Hundred Years' War. After the introduction of commendatory abbots in 1542 there was little left of the monastic community beyond the name. In the seventeenth century the community was restored in spirit by embracing the Reform of the Strict Observance as promoted by Denis Largentier. During this time the commendatory abbot was John Casimir, King of Poland. The monastery was suppressed in 1791 during the French Revolution and its members (twelve priests) were dispersed.

The buildings, after passing through various hands, were partly restored after the site was bought by Charlotte de Rothschild in the 1880s, who saved the ruins of the church and part of the buildings, fully restoring the abbey.

Today the buildings are used as a hotel with a capacity for 1,200 persons, complete with restaurant and heliport, but still using the nearby spring as the monks did centuries before.

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Details

Founded: 1118
Category: Religious sites in France
Historical period: Birth of Capetian dynasty (France)

More Information

en.wikipedia.org

Rating

4.5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Lounès Benatsou (2 years ago)
??????? Highly recommended (environment, location, rooms, food, service and staff....).
HP Visser (2 years ago)
Amazing Abbey in the neighborhood of Paris. The abbey is surrounded by 65 hectares with gardens, forest and so much more. The hotel is capturing how was life back in the 12th century when the abbey was build. The hotel rooms are decent, a bit dated but this ties with the history of the buildings. The restaurant is fabulous, situated in the dining hall and next to the salon (one of the chapels). After diner guests can enjoy they tea or coffee in the salon. We were only visiting the Abbey as a sleep over location continuing our trip to Southern France.
Hind Al Naqbi (2 years ago)
Ohhhhhh must visit, 1h from Paris, this chateau is amazing, huge beautiful park with a big lake and small little hidden waterfall. The little cafe on the backyard of the chateau was beautiful.. the over all place gives you peace, spent almost 3 hours there didn’t see the time passing. Next time will book the little house overlooking the lake ❤️❤️❤️
emmanuel charron (2 years ago)
Incredible surroundings. Must visit despite the 8 euros to get in. Well worth the trip.
Léa Benveniste (3 years ago)
The restaurant is great and in a beautiful place. The abbey is majestic and the parc is really nice on a sunny day.
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