The seat of the Goriška regional museum is situated at the Kromberk Castle near Nova Gorica. The castle itself is a Renaissance architecture both in appearance and design, and it was built at the beginning of the 17th century, partly on the foundations of an older castle from the 13th century. During the First and Second World War the castle was destroyed by fire. It houses an art history collection, an archeological collection a cultural history collection and a permanent exhibition of art mainly from the Goriška region.

The museum also manages several dislocated collections: the Dobrovo Castle hosts a permanent exhibition of the works of the painter Zoran Muršič and several temporary exhibitions; Medana holds the Memorial House of the poet Alojz Gradink; Ajdovščina offers exhibitions of fossils and the ancient Ajdovščina; the military watchtower in Vrtojba houses the smallest museum in the world. At the railway station of Nova Gorica it's a small exhibition of the border in the period 1947-2004.

Near the administrative building in Solkan, at Vila Bartolomei, it's possible to check a restoration exhibition, an archaeological-ethnological exhibition of pottery and the archeological exhibition about the Langobards graves found in Solkan.

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Founded: 17th century
Category: Museums in Slovenia

More Information

museu.ms
www.slovenia.info

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4.3/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Lorenzo Campolongo (3 years ago)
Amazing place, full of history
Rezija Fermic (3 years ago)
Ok
Mujo Mujkic (3 years ago)
Nice castle
iAmMoNsTeR (3 years ago)
Amazing place
Cesare Mattei (4 years ago)
So quiet. Good for wedding ceremonies
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Cesis Castle

German crusaders known as the Livonian Brothers of the Sword began construction of the Cēsis castle (Wenden) near the hill fort in 1209. When the castle was enlarged and fortified, it served as the residence for the Order's Master from 1237 till 1561, with periodic interruptions. Its ruins are some of the most majestic castle ruins in the Baltic states. Once the most important castle of the Livonian Order, it was the official residence for the masters of the order.

In 1577, during the Livonian War, the garrison destroyed the castle to prevent it from falling into the control of Ivan the Terrible, who was decisively defeated in the Battle of Wenden (1578).

In 1598 it was incorporated into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Wenden Voivodship was created here. In 1620 Wenden was conquered by Sweden. It was rebuilt afterwards, but was destroyed again in 1703 during the Great Northern War by the Russian army and left in a ruined state. Already from the end of the 16th century, the premises of the Order's castle were adjusted to the requirements of the Cēsis Castle estate. When in 1777 the Cēsis Castle estate was obtained by Count Carl Sievers, he had his new residence house built on the site of the eastern block of the castle, joining its end wall with the fortification tower.

Since 1949, the Cēsis History Museum has been located in this New Castle of the Cēsis Castle estate. The front yard of the New Castle is enclosed by a granary and a stable-coach house, which now houses the Exhibition Hall of the Museum. Beside the granary there is the oldest brewery in Latvia, Cēsu alus darītava, which was built in 1878 during the later Count Sievers' time, but its origins date back to the period of the Livonian Order. Further on, the Cēsis Castle park is situated, which was laid out in 1812. The park has the romantic characteristic of that time, with its winding footpaths, exotic plants, and the waters of the pond reflecting the castle's ruins. Nowadays also one of the towers is open for tourists.