The seat of the Goriška regional museum is situated at the Kromberk Castle near Nova Gorica. The castle itself is a Renaissance architecture both in appearance and design, and it was built at the beginning of the 17th century, partly on the foundations of an older castle from the 13th century. During the First and Second World War the castle was destroyed by fire. It houses an art history collection, an archeological collection a cultural history collection and a permanent exhibition of art mainly from the Goriška region.
The museum also manages several dislocated collections: the Dobrovo Castle hosts a permanent exhibition of the works of the painter Zoran Muršič and several temporary exhibitions; Medana holds the Memorial House of the poet Alojz Gradink; Ajdovščina offers exhibitions of fossils and the ancient Ajdovščina; the military watchtower in Vrtojba houses the smallest museum in the world. At the railway station of Nova Gorica it's a small exhibition of the border in the period 1947-2004.
Near the administrative building in Solkan, at Vila Bartolomei, it's possible to check a restoration exhibition, an archaeological-ethnological exhibition of pottery and the archeological exhibition about the Langobards graves found in Solkan.References:
Château de Falaise is best known as a castle, where William the Conqueror, the son of Duke Robert of Normandy, was born in about 1028. William went on to conquer England and become king and possession of the castle descended through his heirs until the 13th century when it was captured by King Philip II of France. Possession of the castle changed hands several times during the Hundred Years' War. The castle was deserted during the 17th century. Since 1840 it has been protected as a monument historique.
The castle (12th–13th century), which overlooks the town from a high crag, was formerly the seat of the Dukes of Normandy. The construction was started on the site of an earlier castle in 1123 by Henry I of England, with the 'large keep' (grand donjon). Later was added the 'small keep' (petit donjon). The tower built in the first quarter of the 12th century contained a hall, chapel, and a room for the lord, but no small rooms for a complicated household arrangement; in this way, it was similar to towers at Corfe, Norwich, and Portchester, all in England. In 1202 Arthur I, Duke of Brittany was King John of England's nephew, was imprisoned in Falaise castle's keep. According to contemporaneous chronicler Ralph of Coggeshall, John ordered two of his servants to mutilate the duke. Hugh de Burgh was in charge of guarding Arthur and refused to let him be mutilated, but to demoralise Arthur's supporters was to announce his death. The circumstances of Arthur's death are unclear, though he probably died in 1203.
In about 1207, after having conquered Normandy, Philip II Augustus ordered the building of a new cylindrical keep. It was later named the Talbot Tower (Tour Talbot) after the English commander responsible for its repair during the Hundred Years' War. It is a tall round tower, similar design to the towers built at Gisors and the medieval Louvre.Possession of the castle changed hands several times during the Hundred Years' War. The castle was deserted during the 17th century. Since 1840, Château de Falaise has been recognised as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture.
A programme of restoration was carried out between 1870 and 1874. The castle suffered due to bombardment during the Second World War in the battle for the Falaise pocket in 1944, but the three keeps were unscathed.