Võry Orthodox Church

Võru, Estonia

The late-classicism style church was designed by M. Schons, chief architect of the Livonian Province. The master carpenter was Johann Karl Otto, a resident of Võru. The church was completed in 1804 and named the Greatmartyr Catherine’s Church in honour of Catherine II. The building has a simple rectangular ground planning, a sturdy western spire, a cupola-like ridge roof on the high tambour and arched windows in sham niches.

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Address

Tartu 26, Võru, Estonia
See all sites in Võru

Details

Founded: 1804
Category: Religious sites in Estonia
Historical period: Part of the Russian Empire (Estonia)

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5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Kiizu Miizu (2 years ago)
Häid jõule ja hea koht.
Janno Kuuƨ (4 years ago)
Kiriku ehitamist alustati Katariina II valitsusajal 1793. aastal. Kiriku projekteeris Liivimaa kubermanguarhitekt Matthias Schons. Ehitusmeister oli võrulane Johann Karl Otto. Kiriku pühitsemine toimus 6. novembril (vkj) 1804. aastal Riia arhimandriidi Benedikti poolt Aleksandria Katariina auks ja kannab tema nime. Kiriku ülalpidamiseks andis riik sellele 1870. aastal Võru mõisa hooned, loomad, inventari ja 248 ha maad, seega ulatusid kiriku valduse piirid Mustjärvest Kirumpää linnuseni. Kirikul lubati ka Tamula ja Vagula järvest püüda kala. Kirikus on palju pühakujusid ja rikkalik ikonostaas. 1922. aastal võõrandati riigi poolt suurem osa kiriku maast. Kirikule jäi vaid 72 ha. 1944. aastal vähendati maavaldust 14 hektarini, 1949. aastal võõrandati ka see maa koos sinna külvatud rukkiga. 1933. aastal ehitas kogudus Võru surnuaiale väikese kabeli. 1999. aasta septembris leidsid restaureerijad kiriku ristimunast laeka, milles oli ülempreestri Joann Jelenini 17. juunil 1854 kirjutatud kiri, kus ta annab ülevaate õigeusu levikust Võrumaal, tolleaegsetest kirikutegelastest ja Võru eluolust. Laekast leiti veel kolm ajalehte Severnaja Ptšela aastast 1854, Eesti rahva kalender 1854, Riias 1848. aastal trükitud aabits, kolm eestikeelset õigeusuteemalist trükist ja 22 vaskmünti. Dokumendid anti üle Võrumaa Muuseumile.
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The original Cochem Castle, perched prominently on a hill above the Moselle River, served to collect tolls from passing ships. Modern research dates its origins to around 1100. Before its destruction by the French in 1689, the castle had a long and fascinating history. It changed hands numerous times and, like most castles, also changed its form over the centuries.

In 1151 King Konrad III ended a dispute over who should inherit Cochem Castle by laying siege to it and taking possession of it himself. That same year it became an official Imperial Castle (Reichsburg) subject to imperial authority. In 1282 it was Habsburg King Rudolf’s turn, when he conquered the Reichsburg Cochem and took it over. But just 12 years later, in 1294, the newest owner, King Adolf of Nassau pawned the castle, the town of Cochem and the surrounding region in order to finance his coronation. Adolf’s successor, Albrecht I, was unable to redeem the pledge and was forced to grant the castle to the archbishop in nearby Trier and the Electorate of Trier, which then administered the Reichsburg continuously, except for a brief interruption when Trier’s Archbishop Balduin of Luxembourg had to pawn the castle to a countess. But he got it back a year later.

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Louis Jacques Ravené (1823-1879) did not live to see the completion of his renovated castle, but it was completed by his son Louis Auguste Ravené (1866-1944). Louis Auguste was only two years old when construction work at the old ruins above Cochem began in 1868, but most of the new castle took shape from 1874 to 1877, based on designs by Berlin architects. After the death of his father in 1879, Louis Auguste supervised the final stages of construction, mostly involving work on the castle’s interior. The castle was finally completed in 1890. Louis Auguste, like his father, a lover of art, filled the castle with an extensive art collection, most of which was lost during the Second World War.

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