The Colosseum is an oval amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy. Built of concrete and sand, it is the largest amphitheatre ever built and probably the most well-known landmark of Rome. Construction began under the emperor Vespasian in AD 72, and was completed in AD 80 under his successor and heir Titus. Further modifications were made during the reign of Domitian (81-96).

The Colosseum could hold, it is estimated, between 50,000 and 80,000 spectators, having an average audience of some 65,000; it was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles such as mock sea battles, animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical mythology. The building ceased to be used for entertainment in the early medieval era. It was later reused for such purposes as housing, workshops, quarters for a religious order, a fortress, a quarry, and a Christian shrine.

Although partially ruined because of damage caused by earthquakes and stone-robbers, the Colosseum is still an iconic symbol of Imperial Rome. It is one of Rome's most popular tourist attractions and also has links to the Roman Catholic Church, as each Good Friday the Pope leads a torchlit 'Way of the Cross' procession that starts in the area around the Colosseum.



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Founded: 72-80 AD
Category: Prehistoric and archaeological sites in Italy


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User Reviews

Everyday Life Journey (2 months ago)
This monument defying all ages is impressive Reminder of everything that is in our past and evolving civilization. It stands through centuries. I had good positive feeling about this incredible place. Visited 2019 and I hope I will be able to visit again with my family and friends. This place has more hidden romance and dramas that we will never even know. We can have imagination of this times and carry it for future generations to explore it even further.
Abijith Abi (5 months ago)
Its an amazing historical place. Worth to visit if you are in Rome. If you want to enjoy this place,try to know the background of the place before you visit it. Beware of local guides, you can avoid them by directly going to ticket counters.Visit both morning and evening time to take great photos! Really amazing place with rich history and culture. It’s one of the best creation of the world. It's hard to believe that this manmade structure was constructed thousands of years ago to host various events including the gladiators. Till this day, men have still not been able to re-create a concrete as structural as the concrete that the Romans used to build the Colosseum. That's amazing! While you are here, there are tours of the Colosseum which give insightful facts and a great experience of what Roman life was like.
Bruce White (7 months ago)
One of the most visited places in Rome.It is crowded,there is always a queue for tickets,but it goes quickly, because there is really nothing to look at for a long time ..Inside, you can walk around the perimeter of the building, see the ruins of the stands and stairs,part of the restored arena,the lower rooms where animals and staff were kept at one time - everything! The audio guide is absolute nonsense - the information is sparse ,read out in a monotonous voice with a nasty accent.If you came on your own - without a tour and have not read anything about this historical place before, you can take one audio guide for everyone - you will have time to listen in turn,because there is not much to listen to, and 6 euros will be useful for you.Photo on the background of the walls of the Colliseum,a view of Rome from the height of the second floor( high,ancient), we present ourselves as a spectator - and you can go to the Palatine hill - that's beautiful there!But it is worth visiting here, because there is always a collision in the photo from Rome, and You were there too!!!
Александр Бакуменко (7 months ago)
Insanely atmospheric place. Being here, you immerse yourself in the era of gladiators, plebeians and patricians. Everything is organized at the highest level. The museum in the Coliseum is not bad enough. The possibility of choosing a guide (audio guide or human guide) is also pleasing. The audio guide system is simple and easy to use.
Torben Andersen (8 months ago)
Colosseum is a very special place and definitely worth a visit. Make sure you buy tickets online, and notice that the offer different tickets depending on how big a part of the site you want to visit. Make sure you take the time to see all effects on exhibit. The tell an amazing story.
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Cesis Castle

German crusaders known as the Livonian Brothers of the Sword began construction of the Cēsis castle (Wenden) near the hill fort in 1209. When the castle was enlarged and fortified, it served as the residence for the Order's Master from 1237 till 1561, with periodic interruptions. Its ruins are some of the most majestic castle ruins in the Baltic states. Once the most important castle of the Livonian Order, it was the official residence for the masters of the order.

In 1577, during the Livonian War, the garrison destroyed the castle to prevent it from falling into the control of Ivan the Terrible, who was decisively defeated in the Battle of Wenden (1578).

In 1598 it was incorporated into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Wenden Voivodship was created here. In 1620 Wenden was conquered by Sweden. It was rebuilt afterwards, but was destroyed again in 1703 during the Great Northern War by the Russian army and left in a ruined state. Already from the end of the 16th century, the premises of the Order's castle were adjusted to the requirements of the Cēsis Castle estate. When in 1777 the Cēsis Castle estate was obtained by Count Carl Sievers, he had his new residence house built on the site of the eastern block of the castle, joining its end wall with the fortification tower.

Since 1949, the Cēsis History Museum has been located in this New Castle of the Cēsis Castle estate. The front yard of the New Castle is enclosed by a granary and a stable-coach house, which now houses the Exhibition Hall of the Museum. Beside the granary there is the oldest brewery in Latvia, Cēsu alus darītava, which was built in 1878 during the later Count Sievers' time, but its origins date back to the period of the Livonian Order. Further on, the Cēsis Castle park is situated, which was laid out in 1812. The park has the romantic characteristic of that time, with its winding footpaths, exotic plants, and the waters of the pond reflecting the castle's ruins. Nowadays also one of the towers is open for tourists.