Lateran Palace

Rome, Italy

The Lateran Palace is an ancient palace of the Roman Empire and later the main papal residence in southeast Rome. Located on St. John's Square in Lateran on the Caelian Hill, the edifice is adjacent to the Archbasilica of St. John Lateran, the cathedral church of Rome.

From the fourth century, the palace was the principal residence of the popes, and continued so for about a thousand years until the seat ultimately moved to the Vatican. The original palace was destroyed by fires in 1307 and 1361. Due to the damage the ancient building of the Lateran Palace was replaced with the same structure, which is the current Lateran Palace, during the papacy of Pope Sixtus V.

The Sancta Sanctorum chapel is the only building from the old Lateran palace that was not destroyed during its reconstruction. It was the original private chapel of the papacy before it moved to Avignon, and later to the Vatican palace. The chapel contains a wooden reliquary box, which supposedly houses the bones of at least 13 saints.

The palace is now used by the Vatican Historical Museum, which illustrates the history of the Papal States. The palace also houses the offices of the Vicariate of Rome, as well as the residential apartments of the Cardinal vicar, the pope's delegate for the daily administration of the diocese.

Until 1970, the palace was also home to the important collections of the Lateran Museum, now dispersed among other parts of the Vatican Museums.

Comments

Your name

Website (optional)



Details

Founded: 1586
Category: Palaces, manors and town halls in Italy

More Information

en.wikipedia.org
vatican.com

Rating

4.6/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Peter Szofka (12 months ago)
Impressive! Monumental!
Mareena Mathilakathu (13 months ago)
Great to visit. Ancient monuments
R R (2 years ago)
Very beautiful on the inside but not open to all
Linda Roe (3 years ago)
Beautiful building. Delightful to walk thru this wonderful area.
Joseph A. de Leon (3 years ago)
Today is the feast day of the Dedication of the Lateran Basilica, mother of all the churches in the City and in the world. The Lateran Palace is part of the whole complex and today is the Curia of the Diocese of Rome. In a certain sense it is my "home" since I belong to the roman clergy. Welcome! (Since the structure is practically made up of diocesan offices it is not normally open for tourists and visitors.)
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Lincoln Memorial

The Lincoln Memorial is an American national monument built to honor the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln. It is located on the western end of the National Mall in Washington, D.C., across from the Washington Monument. The architect was Henry Bacon and the designer of the primary statue was Daniel Chester French.

Dedicated in 1922, it is one of several monuments built to honor an American president. It has always been a major tourist attraction and since the 1930s has been a symbolic center focused on race relations.

The building is in the form of a Greek Doric temple and contains a large seated sculpture of Abraham Lincoln and inscriptions of two well-known speeches by Lincoln, 'The Gettysburg Address' and his 'Second Inaugural Address'. The memorial has been the site of many famous speeches, including Martin Luther King's 'I Have a Dream' speech, delivered on August 28, 1963, during the rally at the end of the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.

Since 2010, approximately 6 million people visit the memorial annually.