Theatre of Marcellus

Rome, Italy

The Theatre of Marcellus is an ancient open-air theatre, built in 13 BC and formally inaugurated in 12 BC by Augustus. At the theatre, locals and visitors alike were able to watch performances of drama and song. Today its ancient edifice in the rione of Sant'Angelo, Rome, once again provides one of the city's many popular spectacles or tourist sites.

The theatre was 111 m in diameter and was the largest and most important theatre in Ancient Rome; it could originally hold between 11,000 and 20,000 spectators. It was an impressive example of what was to become one of the most pervasive urban architectural forms of the Roman world. The theatre was built mainly of tuff, and concrete faced with stones in the pattern known as opus reticulatum, completely sheathed in white travertine. However, it is also the earliest dateable building in Rome to make use of fired Roman brick, then a new introduction from the Greek world.

The network of arches, corridors, tunnels and ramps that gave access to the interiors of such Roman theatres were normally ornamented with a screen of engaged columns in Greek orders: Doric at the base, Ionic in the middle. It is believed that Corinthian columns were used for the upper level but this is uncertain as the theatre was reconstructed in the Middle Ages, removing the top tier of seating and the columns.

The theatre fell out of use in the early 4th century and the structure served as a quarry for e.g. the Pons Cestius in 370 AD. However, the statues located inside the building were restored by Petronius Maximus in 421 and the remaining structure still housed small residential buildings.

In the Early Middle Ages the theatre was used as a fortress of the Fabii. In the 16th century, the residence of the Orsini, designed by Baldassare Peruzzi, was built atop the ruins of the ancient theatre.

Now the upper floors are divided into multiple apartments, and its surroundings are used as a venue for small summer concerts; the Portico d'Ottavia lies to the north west leading to the Roman Ghetto and the Tiber to the south west.

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Details

Founded: 13 BC
Category: Prehistoric and archaeological sites in Italy

Rating

4.6/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Julen Alfonso (7 months ago)
This place is a must-visit if you're in Rome. It offers a beautiful sight, with informative boards detailing its history. Additionally, there's ample shade in the afternoon, making it perfect for hot summer days. I had the opportunity to visit twice, and the second time, they had live piano music, which was a pleasant surprise. It seems they host music events, so I recommend checking online for schedules. If you found this review helpful, please click the like button.
Keith Denny (7 months ago)
Very cool to see given it's older than the Colosseum. It's quite worn which gives it a greater sense of it's age and a lot less people around you can enjoy it with more room and at your own pace.
Sandra Moreno (9 months ago)
Tickets not needed to enter here. You can walk around on your own but I would recommend a tour guide. There were some informational postings but they were not all encompassing.
Kakha Khmelidze (9 months ago)
This is an insane, amazing building that was built at the very end of the glorious Roman Republic. Interestingly, the place for this great, magnificent, majestic and extremely historical building was cleared and prepared at the direction of Julius Caesar himself. And they finished building it after the assassination of Caesar. This theater is older than the Colosseum. It was inaugurated in 12 BC.
John W. Thomas III (10 months ago)
You can't get in of course. In theory, or so I've been told there can be a tour. Good luck on that! The signage is pretty minimal but you can find a lot about it in a book like Ramage. No lines, no tickets, no fees, and few to no crowds and no hawkers. That alone earns a star. Unlike the Flavian (a. k.a the Colosseum) no one was ever killed here that we know of, unless it was from watching one of Seneca's hideous tragedies. It's a great site though, great to photograph, and it's right off a bus stop.
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