Quirinal Palace

Rome, Italy

The Quirinal Palace is one of the three current official residences of the President of the Italian Republic. It is located on the Quirinal Hill, the highest of the seven hills of Rome. It has housed thirty Popes, four Kings of Italy and twelve presidents of the Italian Republic. The palace extends for an area of 110,500 square metres and is the ninth-largest palace in the world. 

The current site of the palace has been in use since Roman times. During the reign of Constantine the last complex of Roman baths was built here. The Quirinal became a popular spot for the Roman patricians, who built their luxurious villas. An example of those are the remains of a villa in the Quirinal gardens, where a mosaic, part of the old floor has been found.

The current palace was built in 1583 by Pope Gregory XIII as a papal summer residence. The pope commissioned the architect Ottaviano Mascherino to build a palace with porticoed parallel wings and an internal court. The project was not fully completed due to the death of the pope in 1585 but it is still recognisable in the north part of the court, especially in the double loggia facade, topped by the panoramic Torre dei venti (tower of the winds) or Torrino. To the latter, a bell tower was added according to a project by Carlo Maderno and Francesco Borromini.

The Palace was also used as the location for papal conclaves in 1823, 1829, 1831, and 1846. It served as a papal residence and housed the central offices responsible for the civil government of the Papal States until 1870 when the Papal States were merged in the united Kingdom of Italy. The palace became the official royal residence of the Kings of Italy. The monarchy was abolished in 1946 and the Palace became the official residence and workplace for the Presidents of the Italian Republic.

The Quirinal Gardens, famous for their privileged position that makes of them almost an 'island' elevated on Rome, were over the centuries changed depending on the tastes and needs of the papal court.

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Details

Founded: 1583
Category: Palaces, manors and town halls in Italy

Rating

4.5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Darryl Rich (4 months ago)
Also was not able to enter. Seems like a lot of guards (real and ceremonial) guarding the entrances, but the plaza was interesting.
CW Sistimate (6 months ago)
Not able to enter, as the museum seem to be closed temporarily, but to pass by and soak it in during a leasurely stroll is quite worth what really is no extra effort, maybe it is open again when you pass by. . .
Mike Hiwayman (8 months ago)
A large impressive square with palace at one end. We enjoyed the tour of the Palace which is very large, however, be warned that all tours are in Italian, but we were still pleased to have visited it. The Quirinal Palace is one of the three current official residences of the President of the Italian Republic, together with Villa Rosebery in Naples and Tenuta di Castelporziano in Rome. It is located on the Quirinal Hill, the highest of the seven hills of Rome. It has housed thirty Popes, four Kings of Italy and twelve presidents of the Italian Republic. The palace, in its totality, has 1,200 rooms. Probably worth a look if you in the area.
James McFarlane (12 months ago)
I took the guided tour in Italian. You need to book online and pick up the tickets at an office near the Palace. As it's the Presidents residence security is tight and you need to bring your passport. It's definitely worth a look inside the palace and around the gardens.
Francesco Luca Palermo (13 months ago)
Magnificent, guides prepared very good. If you find yourself in the area it is absolutely worth visiting
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