Santa Cecilia in Trastevere

Rome, Italy

Santa Cecilia in Trastevere is a 5th-century church in the Trastevere rione. The first church on this site was founded probably in the 3rd century, by Pope Urban I; it was devoted to the young Roman woman Cecilia, martyred it is said under Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexander (AD 222-235). Tradition holds that the church was built over the house of the saint. The baptistery associated with this church, together with the remains of a Roman house of the early Empire, was found during some excavations under the Chapel of the Relics. By the late fifth century, at the Synod of 499 of Pope Symmachus, the church is mentioned as the Titulus Ceciliae. On 22 November 545, Pope Vigilius was celebrating the Feast of the saint in the church, when the emissary of Empress Theodora, Anthemius Scribo, captured him.

Pope Paschal I rebuilt the church in 822, and moved here the relics of St Cecilia from the Catacombs of St Calixtus. More restorations followed in the 18th century.

Since 1527, a community of Benedictine nuns has lived in the monastery next to Santa Cecilia, and has had charge of the basilica.

Art and architecture

The church has a façade built in 1725 by Ferdinando Fuga, which incloses a courtyard decorated with ancient mosaics, columns and a cantharus (water vessel). Its decoration includes the coat of arms and the dedication to the titular cardinal who paid for the facade, Francesco Cardinal Acquaviva d'Aragona.

Among the artifacts remaining from the 13th century edifice are a mural painting depicting the Final judgment (1289–93) by Pietro Cavallini in the choir of the monks, and the ciborium (1293) in the presbytery by Arnolfo di Cambio. The Gothic ciborium is surrounded by four marble columns white and black, decorated with statuettes of angels, saints, prophets, and evangelists. The apse has remains of 9th century mosaics.

The ceiling of Cappella dei Ponziani was decorated God the Father with evangelists (1470) by Antonio del Massaro. The Cappella delle Reliquie was frescoed and provided with an altarpiece by Luigi Vanvitelli. The nave is frescoed with the Apotheosis of Santa Cecilia (1727) by Sebastiano Conca. The church contains two altarpieces by Guido Reni.

Among the most remarkable works is the graphic altar sculpture of St. Cecilia (1600) by the late-Renaissance sculptor Stefano Maderno. This statue could be conceived as proto-Baroque, since it depicts no idealized moment or person, but a theatric scene, a naturalistic representation of a dead or dying saint.

The Crypt is also noteworthy, decorated with cosmatesque styles, containing the relics of St. Cecilia and her husband St. Valerian. In the apse of the Crypt there are remains of an altar whose inscription indicates that it was dedicated by Pope Gregory VII (1073-1085) on 3 June 1080.

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Address

Via Anicia 17-21, Rome, Italy
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Details

Founded: 822 AD
Category: Religious sites in Italy

Rating

4.6/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Barry Parks (7 months ago)
This is one of those places in Rome that layers history in a literal way. The 5th-century church is dedicated to a 3rd-century martyr and saint. It sits atop a Roman house which may have belonged to Cecilia. One of the focuses of attention in the church is the white sculpture said to portray the uncorrupted body of the saint in the 9th century. At the end of the southern aisle near the entry, a small admission fee grants access to the lower level which includes Roman artifacts and a neo-Gothic chapel dedicated to Cecilia.
Petr Sobíšek (12 months ago)
Beautiful basilica in a quiet part of Trastevere, on the site of the house where Saint Cecilia was martyred. Originally from the 9th century, the current building is from the 16th century using some elements of the original church. You will see amazing mosaic in the apse from the 9th century or a tombstone with the bones of St. Cecilia. Definitely do not miss the underground (paid entrance) with the foundations of an ancient house of St. Cecilia and a beautifully decorated crypt.
Sam S. (14 months ago)
Very beautiful church located in fantastic area Trastevere, atmospheric of Rome!!
Kuala Bound (15 months ago)
Beautifully elegant! But why so bright in the center nave .. and so dark in the sides? I must come back with lights on, also to admire parts of the church i found closed. Pope Urban I built in 3rd century the first church here. Apart some masterchiefs gone in the past, like the cosmatesque floors no more existing, the church has many strong features. Its apse mosaic in byzantine style dates back to 820. The romanesque brick campanile was erected in 1140. The Gothic canopy (ciborium) in 1293 by Arnolfo di Cambio. Its monastery hosts a nuns community started in 1530 in charge for the production of pallia (sort of large stoles) worn by the Pope.
Marc Paradis (21 months ago)
Beautiful basilica tucked away in a side alley of Trastevere. Pay the €2.5 donation to see the crypt, it is a cool archaeological site with Roman, Dark Age and early Medieval components. The actual crypt of Saint Cecilia itself was spectacularly renovated in the early 1900s. While not a historically accurate renovation, it is peaceful and reflective.
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