Donjon de Bours

Bours, France

Château or Donjon de Bours was most likely built in the 12th century by Hugues de Bours. Originally it would have had a bailey defended by a crenellated wall guarding several outbuildings. Both the bailey and the castle would have been moated. At present all traces of the bailey are gone.

Bours Castle is a keep built out of sandstone and has a rectangular plan with six corbelled turrets. It has walls of 70 cm thick and 2 floors. It is generally assumed that during the mid-13th century the keep would have been higher.

During the first half of the 15th century the castle was owned by Maillotins de Bours who restored and enlarged the castle but probably did not change the keep.

In 1543 Bours Castle was burned down.

At the beginning of the 20th century there was talk of demolishing the keep but luckily that did not happen. During the second half of the 20th century the keep was restored several times and used as a town hall.

References:

Comments

Your name

Website (optional)



Details

Founded: 12th century
Category: Castles and fortifications in France
Historical period: Birth of Capetian dynasty (France)

More Information

www.castles.nl

Rating

4.3/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Frank BEUGIN (19 months ago)
Très beau à voir en passant dans le coin.
Audrey Boileau (20 months ago)
Très beau village, entretenue, agréable beaucoup de chemin de balade, un beau patrimoine
Mickael Deneuville (21 months ago)
Cette tour entièrement en grès d’Artois est construite accolée à l’ancienne motte féodale. Elle se compose d'une base carrée flanquée de six tourelles cylindriques en encorbellement : quatre aux angles et deux au milieu des faces nord et sud. Ces tourelles sont coiffées de toits en poivrière et ont un diamètre dégressif. Plus on s'éloigne de l'entrée du château, plus elles ont un diamètre important, ce qui donne un aspect massif à ce modeste édifice. Malgré son allure robuste donnée par l'utilisation originelle exclusive du grès, c’est en réalité un château d’apparat dont la fonction principale est de loger la famille noble. Sa structure est faite pour impressionner mais l'épaisseur des murs (à peine 30 centimètres pour les tourelles) accrédite la fonction résidentielle du lieu. Peu de systèmes de défense sont présents. Il y a des douves anciennement en eau qui ceinturaient partiellement la tour et dont les traces sont encore visibles, les archères dans la cave et la présence d'un assommoir à l'entrée du château. Un pont dormant composait l'ancienne entrée. Son apparence générale est très sobre, sans souci décoratif, ce qui accentue son aspect fonctionnel. Situé en plein centre du village, dans une cuvette, la maison-forte faisait partie à l'origine d'un ensemble castral typique d'une seigneurie moyenne de l'Artois avec sa haute-cour agrémentée d'un jardin et une basse-cour composée d'une ferme et de bâtis légers. Cette dernière a entièrement été détruite au xixe siècle
Sophie M (21 months ago)
Très joli monument, historique. Un donjon comme on en voit très rarement. Magnifique architecture très propre. Site calme, arboré et propre. De jolies ballades aux alentours. Très joli cadre, dans un petit village du Ternois. Si vous avez aimé mon commentaire ou lu mon avis, merci de cliquer sur j aime
Noël Gore (2 years ago)
Very nice place
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Saint Sophia Cathedral

The St Sophia's Cathedral was built between 1045-1050 inside the Novgorod Kremlin (fortress). It is one of the earliest stone structures of northern Russia. Its height is 38 m. Originally it was taller, for during the past nine centuries the lower part of the building became concealed by the two-metre thick cultural layer. The cathedral was built by Prince Vladimir, the son of Yaroslav the Wise, and until the 1130s this principal church of the city also served as the sepulchre of Novgorodian princes. For the Novgorodians, St Sophia became synonymous with their town, the symbol of civic power and independence.

The five-domed church looks simpler but no less impressive than its prototype, the thirteen-domed St Sophia of Kiev. The cathedral exterior is striking in its majesty and epic splendour evoking the memories of Novgorod's glorious past and invincible might. In the 11th century it looked more imposing than now. Its facade represented a gigantic mosaic of huge, coarsely trimmed irregular slabs of flagstone and shell rock. In some places (particularly on the apses), the wall was covered with mortar, smoothly polished, drawn up to imitate courses of brick or of whitestone slabs, and slightly coloured. As a result, the facade was not white, as it is today, but multicoloured. The play of stone, decorative painting and the building materials of various texture enhanced the impression of austere simplicity and introduced a picturesque effect.

The two-storied galleries extend along the building's southern, western and northern sides, with a stair-tower constructed at the north-eastern corner. The cathedral has three entrances - the southern, western and northern, of which the western was the main one intended for ceremonial processions. A gate standing at the entrance is known as the Sigtuna Gate (mid-12th century); according to legend, it was brought from the Swedish town of Sigtuna in 1187. The second name of the gate derives from the town of Magdeburg, where it was made. The two leaves are decorated with biblical and evangelical scenes in cast bronze relief. In the lower left corner there are portraits of the craftsmen who created this superb specimen of medieval Western European bronze-work. An inscription in Latin gives their names, Riquin and Weissmut. The small central figure - judging from an inscription in Slavonic - is a representation of the Russian master craftsman Avraam, who assembled the gate.

There is yet another bronze gate in the cathedral, called the Korsun Gate. Made in the 11th century in Chersonesos, Byzantium, it leads from the southern gallery into the Nativity Side-Chapel. Legend has it that the gate was handed over to Novgorod as a gift of Prince Yaroslav the Wise (c. 978 - 1054).

The interior of the cathedral is as majestic as its exterior. It is divided by huge piers into five aisles, three of which end in altar apses. In the south-western corner, inside the tower, there is a wide spiral in relatively small, modest buildings of the 12th - 16th centuries.