Donjon de Bours

Bours, France

Château or Donjon de Bours was most likely built in the 12th century by Hugues de Bours. Originally it would have had a bailey defended by a crenellated wall guarding several outbuildings. Both the bailey and the castle would have been moated. At present all traces of the bailey are gone.

Bours Castle is a keep built out of sandstone and has a rectangular plan with six corbelled turrets. It has walls of 70 cm thick and 2 floors. It is generally assumed that during the mid-13th century the keep would have been higher.

During the first half of the 15th century the castle was owned by Maillotins de Bours who restored and enlarged the castle but probably did not change the keep.

In 1543 Bours Castle was burned down.

At the beginning of the 20th century there was talk of demolishing the keep but luckily that did not happen. During the second half of the 20th century the keep was restored several times and used as a town hall.

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Details

Founded: 12th century
Category: Castles and fortifications in France
Historical period: Birth of Capetian dynasty (France)

More Information

www.castles.nl

Rating

4.3/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Frank BEUGIN (15 months ago)
Très beau à voir en passant dans le coin.
Audrey Boileau (16 months ago)
Très beau village, entretenue, agréable beaucoup de chemin de balade, un beau patrimoine
Mickael Deneuville (17 months ago)
Cette tour entièrement en grès d’Artois est construite accolée à l’ancienne motte féodale. Elle se compose d'une base carrée flanquée de six tourelles cylindriques en encorbellement : quatre aux angles et deux au milieu des faces nord et sud. Ces tourelles sont coiffées de toits en poivrière et ont un diamètre dégressif. Plus on s'éloigne de l'entrée du château, plus elles ont un diamètre important, ce qui donne un aspect massif à ce modeste édifice. Malgré son allure robuste donnée par l'utilisation originelle exclusive du grès, c’est en réalité un château d’apparat dont la fonction principale est de loger la famille noble. Sa structure est faite pour impressionner mais l'épaisseur des murs (à peine 30 centimètres pour les tourelles) accrédite la fonction résidentielle du lieu. Peu de systèmes de défense sont présents. Il y a des douves anciennement en eau qui ceinturaient partiellement la tour et dont les traces sont encore visibles, les archères dans la cave et la présence d'un assommoir à l'entrée du château. Un pont dormant composait l'ancienne entrée. Son apparence générale est très sobre, sans souci décoratif, ce qui accentue son aspect fonctionnel. Situé en plein centre du village, dans une cuvette, la maison-forte faisait partie à l'origine d'un ensemble castral typique d'une seigneurie moyenne de l'Artois avec sa haute-cour agrémentée d'un jardin et une basse-cour composée d'une ferme et de bâtis légers. Cette dernière a entièrement été détruite au xixe siècle
Sophie M (17 months ago)
Très joli monument, historique. Un donjon comme on en voit très rarement. Magnifique architecture très propre. Site calme, arboré et propre. De jolies ballades aux alentours. Très joli cadre, dans un petit village du Ternois. Si vous avez aimé mon commentaire ou lu mon avis, merci de cliquer sur j aime
Noël Gore (2 years ago)
Very nice place
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