Châtelard Castle

La Salle, Italy

Châtelard castle was built probably by Rudolph Grossi, bishop of Aosta in 1243 and archbishop of Tarantasia in 1246. It is first mentioned in a document from 1248, and presents the type of circular tower reminiscent of the fortified constructions of Count Peter II of Savoy, to whom Grossi was a close advisor. All around, medieval dwellings of all shapes and sizes dot the land like small sentries with an ancient charm: the Pascal fortified house, the Aragon fortified Manor house, Maison Gerbollier, just above, the home of the Ecours and again, in the village of Derby, the notarial castle.

References:

Comments

Your name

Website (optional)



Details

Founded: c. 1243
Category: Castles and fortifications in Italy

Rating

4.1/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Lawrence Collins (17 months ago)
Beautiful!
Lary Butco (2 years ago)
Meraviglioso. Spettacolo in mezzo alla natura. Aria di montagna.
jules (2 years ago)
Non ho capito se è privato.....
Cristina Beneyton (2 years ago)
Un luogo magico con vista mozzafiato su La.Salle e sul Monte Bianco
Giorgio Ricciotti (2 years ago)
Il castello di Châtelard è composto da un alto donjon di forma circolare, al quale è addossato un corpo di abitazione squadrato circondati da un recinto murario di forma irregolare, tale da adattarsi alla conformazione del terreno. Questo tipo di fortificazione a pianta circolare e molto stretta, non comune all'epoca, era caro a Pietro II di Savoia, di cui Rodolfo Grossi era consigliere, e venne utilizzato solo per un breve periodo intorno alla metà del XIII secolo per poi essere sostituito dalla più nota pianta quadrata di ispirazione romanica, che aveva il vantaggio di presentare minori difficoltà costruttive. La torre di Châtelard è alta circa 18 metri, ha un diametro di poco più di 5 ed è ancora oggi quasi intatta, mentre il resto del castello e la doppia cinta muraria sono ormai ridotti allo stato di rudere. L'accesso ad essa era posto ad una decina di metri dal suolo, per renderne più difficile la conquista in caso di attacco. Per costruire il castello fu usato un sistema di piani inclinati su cui vennero trascinate, con corde o con l'ausilio di animali da soma, le pietre necessarie alla sua edificazione.
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Cochem Castle

The original Cochem Castle, perched prominently on a hill above the Moselle River, served to collect tolls from passing ships. Modern research dates its origins to around 1100. Before its destruction by the French in 1689, the castle had a long and fascinating history. It changed hands numerous times and, like most castles, also changed its form over the centuries.

In 1151 King Konrad III ended a dispute over who should inherit Cochem Castle by laying siege to it and taking possession of it himself. That same year it became an official Imperial Castle (Reichsburg) subject to imperial authority. In 1282 it was Habsburg King Rudolf’s turn, when he conquered the Reichsburg Cochem and took it over. But just 12 years later, in 1294, the newest owner, King Adolf of Nassau pawned the castle, the town of Cochem and the surrounding region in order to finance his coronation. Adolf’s successor, Albrecht I, was unable to redeem the pledge and was forced to grant the castle to the archbishop in nearby Trier and the Electorate of Trier, which then administered the Reichsburg continuously, except for a brief interruption when Trier’s Archbishop Balduin of Luxembourg had to pawn the castle to a countess. But he got it back a year later.

The Electorate of Trier and its nobility became wealthy and powerful in large part due to the income from Cochem Castle and the rights to shipping tolls on the Moselle. Not until 1419 did the castle and its tolls come under the administration of civil bailiffs (Amtsmänner). While under the control of the bishops and electors in Trier from the 14th to the 16th century, the castle was expanded several times.

In 1688 the French invaded the Rhine and Moselle regions of the Palatinate, which included Cochem and its castle. French troops conquered the Reichsburg and then laid waste not only to the castle but also to Cochem and most of the other surrounding towns in a scorched-earth campaign. Between that time and the Congress of Vienna, the Palatinate and Cochem went back and forth between France and Prussia. In 1815 the western Palatinate and Cochem finally became part of Prussia once and for all.

Louis Jacques Ravené (1823-1879) did not live to see the completion of his renovated castle, but it was completed by his son Louis Auguste Ravené (1866-1944). Louis Auguste was only two years old when construction work at the old ruins above Cochem began in 1868, but most of the new castle took shape from 1874 to 1877, based on designs by Berlin architects. After the death of his father in 1879, Louis Auguste supervised the final stages of construction, mostly involving work on the castle’s interior. The castle was finally completed in 1890. Louis Auguste, like his father, a lover of art, filled the castle with an extensive art collection, most of which was lost during the Second World War.

In 1942, during the Nazi years, Ravené was forced to sell the family castle to the Prussian Ministry of Justice, which turned it into a law school run by the Nazi government. Following the end of the war, the castle became the property of the new state of Rheinland-Pfalz (Rhineland-Palatinate). In 1978 the city of Cochem bought the castle for 664,000 marks.