Musée de la Castre

Cannes, France

An attack by the Saracens in 891, who remained until the end of the 10th century, devastated the country around current Cannes. The insecurity of the Lérins islands forced the local monks to settle on the mainland, at the Suquet (today the old town). Construction of a castle in 1035 fortified the city by then known as Cannes.

The castle was damaged in end of the 16th century and partially demolished in the 18th century. In 1919, the municipality of Cannes acquired all the buildings in order to house its museum. Today the Musée de la Castre hosts 19th-century Riviera landscape art, musical instruments & ethnographical items in a medieval tower.

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Details

Founded: 1035
Category: Museums in France
Historical period: Birth of Capetian dynasty (France)

More Information

www.cannes.com

Rating

4.4/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Joel Le (5 months ago)
Really nice place, the walk up the hill to get here and the view is very very nice!
Grace liu (6 months ago)
Interesting content with highest towner located at central of museum, helpful stuffs speaks both in english and french.
SimonSimp “Vito Andolini” (6 months ago)
It's a nice place to sit ? good place to bring your dog ??
Ashley steffenss (2 years ago)
Beautiful, the view is beautiful
Rina Callens (2 years ago)
We visited this museum with my 5 y.o. this morning. The exposition is little and quite good to explain to a kid how primitive societies used different kinds of materials 'at hand' to live. Also, a lot of cult and religious items to explain beliefs in different times and places. We were THE ONLY visitors of the museum this morning and perhaps that, alongside the covid-19 hysteria, attracted that much attention to us, but we had a few remarks from museum attendants. First, one of the ladies (there was one in EACH of the some 7-8 rooms of the museum) decided my mask was not high enough on my nose (again, NONE but us and museum attendants on the premises), then another lady got anxious for my very small and completely flat "backpack" bag (nothing to do with tourist backpacks, a small 25x30 cm bag in the form of the backpack that I was wearing on my back to free my hands) and asked to wear it on my chest. The museum rules exclude drinking water (and mind it, it was 31C this morning and we are talking of a 5 yo kid accompanied by an adult). A couple of times I asked attendants for meanings of some of the words on descriptive panels we didn't know - the relatively young ladies knew none, the second one even retorted that she was a museum attendant and not a guide.... Seriously? My son was interested at first, but after this remark started asking me to leave the place. Eight employees in an empty museum, completely uninterested in their work and rather unfriendly towards the first morning visitors .... Oh yes, and full-price ticket (6 euro) although the tower was closed to the public for sanitary reasons, no reduction for the reduced service... A very unpleasant aftertaste although, as I said, the little exposition and its history could be worth a visit.
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Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Lorca Castle

Castle of Lorca (Castillo de Lorca) is a fortress of medieval origin constructed between the 9th and 15th centuries. It consists of a series of defensive structures that, during the Middle Ages, made the town and the fortress an impregnable point in the southeast part of the Iberian Peninsula. Lorca Castle was a key strategic point of contention between Christians and Muslims during the Reconquista.

Archaeological excavations have revealed that the site of the castle has been inhabited since Neolithic times.

Muslim Era

It has not been determined exactly when a castle or fortress was first built on the hill. The first written documentation referring to a castle at Lorca is of Muslim origin, which in the 9th century, indicates that the city of Lurqa was an important town in the area ruled by Theudimer (Tudmir). During Muslim rule, Lorca Castle was an impregnable fortress and its interior was divided into two sections by the Espaldón Wall. In the western part, there was an area used to protect livestock and grain in times of danger. The eastern part had a neighbourhood called the barrio de Alcalá.

After Reconquista

Lorca was conquered by the Castilian Infante Don Alfonso, the future Alfonso X, in 1244, and the fortress became a key defensive point against the Kingdom of Granada. For 250 years, Lorca Castle was a watchpoint on the border between the Christian kingdom of Murcia and the Muslim state of Granada.

Alfonso X ordered the construction of the towers known as the Alfonsina and Espolón Towers, and strengthened and fixed the walls. Hardly a trace of the Muslim fortress remained due to this reconstruction. Muslim traces remain in the foundation stones and the wall known as the muro del Espaldón.

The Jewish Quarter was found within the alcazaba, the Moorish fortification, separated from the rest of the city by its walls. The physical separation had the purpose of protecting the Jewish people in the town from harm, but also had the result of keeping Christians and Jews separate, with the Christians inhabiting the lower part of town.

The remains of the Jewish Quarter extended over an area of 5,700 square m, and 12 homes and a synagogue have been found; the synagogue dates from the 14th century and is the only one found in the Murcia. The streets of the town had an irregular layout, adapted to the landscape, and is divided into four terraces. The synagogue was in the central location, and around it were the homes. The homes were of rectangular shape, with various compartmentalized rooms. The living quarters were elevated and a common feature was benches attached to the walls, kitchens, stand for earthenware jars, or cupboards.

Modern history

With the disappearance of the frontier after the conquest of Granada in 1492, Lorca Castle no longer became as important as before. With the expulsion of the Jews by order of Ferdinand and Isabella, Lorca Castle was also depopulated as a result. The castle was abandoned completely, and was almost a complete ruin by the 18th century. In the 19th century, the castle was refurbished due to the War of Spanish Independence. The walls and structures were repaired or modified and its medieval look changed. A battery of cannons was installed, for example, during this time. In 1931 Lorca Castle was declared a National Historic Monument.

Currently, a parador (luxury hotel) has been built within the castle. As a result, archaeological discoveries have been found, including the Jewish Quarter.