Coca Castle

Coca, Spain

Magnificent Coca Castle was built in the 15th century by Alonso de Fonseca, a mighty archbishop of Seville, during the reign of King Enrique IV of Castile. It's made up of two square baileys separated by a passageway. Both show polygonal towers at the corners. The double walls are 2.5 m thick and it's circled by a deep dry moat.

Coca castle is a mixture of western and Moorish military architecture, as can be seen from its decoration. It has a square ground plan, a moat and two walled enclosures, which gives it the air of impregnability for which it has been known over the centuries. The keep is located in the second area. It is made of brick and its walls are profusely decorated. The interior is very luxurious and lavish, and conserves its Mudejar decoration. Due to its great splendour, it was used more as a palace than as a fortress. It is one of the crowning works of the military Mudejar style.

The castle is owned by the Alva family and now serves as a training center for foresters. Their school is situated in the inner bailey.

Comments

Your name

Website (optional)



Address

Rotonda Castillo 2, Coca, Spain
See all sites in Coca

Details

Founded: 15th century
Category: Castles and fortifications in Spain

More Information

www.spain.info
www.castles.nl

Rating

4.4/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Jean François (13 months ago)
Beautiful and no very big castle, nevertheless I decided not to visit its courtyards (out of time). John
Christian Gruber (13 months ago)
Largely unaccessible, the inside is a school for state workers though the exterior grounds within the walls is accessible. There's been a lot of repair to the exterior, so it is in reasonable good condition, though the authenticity of the architecture detail is questionable because of the extensive repair-which is clearly ongoing and not at all, shall I say, original. I do recommend it because it is a fun experience to roam around the interior wall.
Paul Boursalian (14 months ago)
Cutest castle ever. Small but high. The drive I'd awful.
Ann White (2 years ago)
Unfortunately the interior of the castle closes for four hours in the middle of the day but you're still free to roam at your own pace around the exterior. The moat and towers are very impressive with a Moorish look about them. One of the largest castles we saw. There's free parking nearby, along with a bull ring, a few shops and cafes, and a short section of the remains of the city walls. Definitely worth the detour.
Derek Lowdon (2 years ago)
One of the most famous Castles in Spain, built by Muslim Architect and workers in a Mujedar style ; fantastic brickwork. Closes 1.30-4.30 pm approx but open mornings and late afternoon until about 7pm. Unable to visit rooms on visit due to arriving in siesta period. Very beautiful to view.
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Klis Fortress

From its origin as a small stronghold built by the ancient Illyrian tribe Dalmatae, becoming a royal castle that was the seat of many Croatian kings, to its final development as a large fortress during the Ottoman wars in Europe, Klis Fortress has guarded the frontier, being lost and re-conquered several times. Due to its location on a pass that separates the mountains Mosor and Kozjak, the fortress served as a major source of defense in Dalmatia, especially against the Ottoman advance, and has been a key crossroad between the Mediterranean belt and the Balkan rear.

Since Duke Mislav of the Duchy of Croatia made Klis Fortress the seat of his throne in the middle of the 9th century, the fortress served as the seat of many Croatia"s rulers. The reign of his successor, Duke Trpimir I, the founder of the Croatian royal House of Trpimirović, is significant for spreading Christianity in the Duchy of Croatia. He largely expanded the Klis Fortress, and in Rižinice, in the valley under the fortress, he built a church and the first Benedictine monastery in Croatia. During the reign of the first Croatian king, Tomislav, Klis and Biograd na Moru were his chief residences.

In March 1242 at Klis Fortress, Tatars who were a constituent segment of the Mongol army under the leadership of Kadan suffered a major defeat while in pursuit of the Hungarian army led by King Béla IV. After their defeat by Croatian forces, the Mongols retreated, and Béla IV rewarded many Croatian towns and nobles with 'substantial riches'. During the Late Middle Ages, the fortress was governed by Croatian nobility, amongst whom Paul I Šubić of Bribir was the most significant. During his reign, the House of Šubić controlled most of modern-day Croatia and Bosnia. Excluding the brief possession by the forces of Bosnian King, Tvrtko I, the fortress remained in Hungaro-Croatian hands for the next several hundred years, until the 16th century.

Klis Fortress is probably best known for its defense against the Ottoman invasion of Europe in the early 16th century. Croatian captain Petar Kružić led the defense of the fortress against a Turkish invasion and siege that lasted for more than two and a half decades. During this defense, as Kružić and his soldiers fought without allies against the Turks, the military faction of Uskoks was formed, which later became famous as an elite Croatian militant sect. Ultimately, the defenders were defeated and the fortress was occupied by the Ottomans in 1537. After more than a century under Ottoman rule, in 1669, Klis Fortress was besieged and seized by the Republic of Venice, thus moving the border between Christian and Muslim Europe further east and helping to contribute to the decline of the Ottoman Empire. The Venetians restored and enlarged the fortress, but it was taken by the Austrians after Napoleon extinguished the republic itself in 1797. Today, Klis Fortress contains a museum where visitors to this historic military structure can see an array of arms, armor, and traditional uniforms.