Pitsunda Cathedral

Pitsunda, Georgia

The Pitsunda or Bichvinta Cathedral is a Georgian Orthodox Cathedral located in Pitsunda, in the Gagra district of the de facto independent Republic of Abkhazia, internationally recognised as constituting a part of Georgia. The cathedral is currently used by the Abkhazian Orthodox Church and serves as that body's seat, although this usage is disputed by the Republic of Georgia and is considered irregular by the Eastern Orthodox communion.

Pitsunda Cathedral was built at the end of the 10th century by King Bagrat III of Georgia. It served as the seat of the Georgian Orthodox Catholicate of Abkhazia until the late 16th century when Abkhazia came under the Ottoman hegemony. According to 17th century French traveller Jean Chardin, Catholicos, who no longer lived in Pitsunda, visited the cathedral once a year with the retinue of bishops and princes to perform the sanctification of chrism. The cathedral was reconsecrated in 1869 when Abkhazia was already a part of Russian Empire.

It is a cross-domed cathedral with three naves and three apses, shaped as a rectangle with extending semicircular apses. The cathedral is notable for its impressive size, reaching 29 m high (including the dome), 37 m long and 25 m wide; the walls are up to 1.5 m thick. The building rests on heavy slabs of grey sandstone; the walls are made up of alternating rows of stone and brickwork, a typical technique for late Byzantine architecture. The cathedral contains vestiges of wall-painting from the 13th and the 16th centuries. A 12th-century Georgian manuscript of the Four Gospels, found at the cathedral in 1830, is now preserved at the Georgian National Center of Manuscripts in Tbilisi.

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Pitsunda, Georgia
See all sites in Pitsunda

Details

Founded: 10th century
Category: Religious sites in Georgia

More Information

en.wikipedia.org

Rating

4.7/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Denis Serebrennikov (14 months ago)
Историческая ценность, высокое древнее качество изготовления экспонатов! Отличный оргАн и акустика! Спасибо Марине Шамба и экскурсоводам!
В. Мирон (14 months ago)
Красивый собор, старый. Окружён стеной, как мне сказали о турков стояли. На органый концерт не ходила, но слышала музыку на улице, так чисто. Живописное место, завораживает
KROVAVYI UTRENNIK (15 months ago)
Посетили концерт органной музыки. Звучание органа и акустика волшебные! Про исполнение промолчу.
Бичуров Никита (15 months ago)
Одна из достопримечательностей Пицунды, очень старый храм и также очень красивый, так же есть на территории храма дальмен. Всем советую посетить это место
Ирина Бородина (15 months ago)
Чудом пережившее все невзгоды сооружение - и турецкое нашествие, и землетрясения, и советскую власть. Но сейчас не действует как храм - там установлен орган и устраивают концерты.
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