Nivelles Abbey Church

Nivelles, Belgium

The Abbey of Nivelles was a former Imperial Abbey of the Holy Roman Empire founded about 648-649 AD by the widow of Pepin of Landen, Itta of Metz, along with her daughter, Gertrude of Nivelles. The abbey began as a community of nuns; they were joined later by Irish monks from the Abbey of Mont Saint-Quentin, sent by Abbot Foillan to give support to the nuns. A group of the monks settled at Nivelles and it soon became a double monastery, led either by an abbot and abbess, later only by an abbess. At that point, the abbey came under the influence of Irish monasticism, with its heavy emphasis on a severe asceticism.

In the 9th century there began a process of secularization of the community which possibly ended in the 12th century. The abbey had close ties to the royal family, and played an important role in the social life of the palace. From the 12th century, the character of the community began to change to a more prestigious one, so that the members became canonesses regular who came from among the nobility, as attested in a document dated 1462. For most of the Middle Ages the Abbey remained an Imperial Abbey, a semi-sovereign institution directly under the king.

The abbey was suppressed after the invasion of the Duchy of Brabant in 1794 by the armies of the First French Republic.

The old abbey church, which became the Collegiate Church of Saint Gertrude under the canonesses, was gutted by aerial bombs dropped by the German Luftwaffe in May 1940 during the Battle of Belgium, but it was restored to its 11th and 13th centuries form after World War II. The site was excavated in 1941 and 1953.

Today the basement of the old abbey holds a number of artifacts and a rich archaeology and is open to the public. The adjoining Romanesque-Gothic cloister dates from the 13th century. A procession is held every year on the Sunday after Michaelmas.

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Details

Founded: 649 AD
Category: Religious sites in Belgium

Rating

4.4/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Jean-Christophe Paulet (16 months ago)
Wonderful Church
Paul D (17 months ago)
Nice church, historical horse-wagon inside!
Gloria Kalita (18 months ago)
There are several unique items in this (smaller than many) church, esp. the bell tower. Festival parades outside were also fun to see. Worth a stop if you're in the area.
Dasha P. (19 months ago)
Very interesting church. Check the working hours before visit and for additional price you will be able to visit very interesting crypt with excursion on french or not excellent english.
Svetoslav Simeonov (2 years ago)
A very huge monumental church in the heart of Nivelles. Made of stone, it occupies substantial area in the main square. The church offers even more impressive interior and one can find great deal of solitude while being inside. This actually is the only thing worth seeing in Nivelles. Other than that, the town is quite an ordinary place like many other in the Belgian countryside.
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