La Grand-Place in Brussels is a remarkably homogeneous body of public and private buildings, dating mainly from the late 17th century. The architecture provides a vivid illustration of the level of social and cultural life of the period in this important political and commercial centre.

Around a cobbled rectangular market square, La Grand-Place, the earliest written reference to which dates back to the 12th century, features buildings emblematic of municipal and ducal powers, and the old houses of corporations. An architectural jewel, it stands as an exceptional and highly successful example of an eclectic blending of architectural and artistic styles of Western culture, which illustrates the vitality of this important political and commercial centre.

The Grand-Place testifies in particular to the success of Brussels, mercantile city of northern Europe that, at the height of its prosperity, rose from the terrible bombardment inflicted by the troops of Louis XIV in 1695. Destroyed in three days, the heart of the medieval city underwent a rebuilding campaign conducted under the supervision of the City Magistrate, which was spectacular not only by the speed of its implementation, but also by its ornamental wealth and architectural coherence. Today the Grand-Place remains the faithful reflection of the square destroyed by the French artillery and testifies to the symbolic intentions of the power and pride of the Brussels bourgeois who chose to restore their city to its former glory rather than rebuild in a contemporary style, a trend commonly observed elsewhere.

A pinnacle of Brabant Gothic, the Hôtel de Ville (City Hall), accentuated by its bell tower, is the most famous landmark of the Grand-Place. Built in the early 15th century, the building partially escaped bombardments and underwent several transformations over time. Its ornamental programme is largely due to the restoration campaigns conducted in the late 19th century. Facing it, the King"s House, rebuilt in the historicist vein, is perfectly integrated into the ensemble. Its elevation is in keeping with the Gothic style edifice prior to the bombardment and testifies remarkably to the ideals of the contextual conservation of monuments advocated in the 19th century. The King"s House has been occupied for decades by the City Museum. On both sides of these monuments symbolic of public authority were houses occupied by powerful corporations. Each different but built over a very short time, they illustrate remarkably the Baroque architecture of the late 17th century, with a singular treatment of the gables and decorations, sometimes fretted, sometimes more classical. Each house has a name and specific attributes, heightened with gold, reminiscent of the status of its occupants. It is interesting to note that this is a rare example of a square without a church or any other place of worship, which emphasizes its mercantile and administrative nature.

La Grand-Place is UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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Founded: 17th century
Category: Historic city squares, old towns and villages in Belgium

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4.7/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

MOHAMMED ALSHARHAN (18 months ago)
The Grand Place is magnificent picturesque place in the heat of the city. The old towers and the monuments present are preserved delicately. The Grand place is surrounded with streets to do shopping. And Belgium trip won't be complete with a trip to Waffle street. And don't get me started on them. The transportation is really nice, hop on and off on the red bus to tour the city and get to Grand place.
Aditya Pathak (18 months ago)
The Grand Place is magnificent picturesque place in the heat of the city. The old towers and the monuments present are preserved delicately. The Grand place is surrounded with streets to do shopping. And Belgium trip won't be complete with a trip to Waffle street. And don't get me started on them. The transportation is really nice, hop on and off on the red bus to tour the city and get to Grand place.
Bruno Guedes (19 months ago)
This is a beautiful place. I recommend coming here on a clear day when the sun is setting. The buildings are beautiful and well maintained. It looks like a fairy tale setting. We just sat and admired.
Shubhajyoti Sengupta (19 months ago)
The busiest and the most fascinating part of central Brussels. The markets and the cafes will just blow your mind away as you will get to hear some marvellous street music. There are shops selling flags and banners, long coats and jackets, and also toys for children.
Noelle Bayliss (19 months ago)
Lovely place to visit. We ate here it was expensive as one would expect for a tourist attraction of this kind. But our food was really good. The waiting staff were excellent. Very friendly, fun and welcoming.
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The basilica is famous for six extant mosaic panels, dated to the period between the latest reconstruction and the inauguration of the Byzantine Iconoclasm in 730. These mosaics depict St. Demetrius with officials responsible for the restoration of the church (called the founders, ktetors) and with children. An inscription below one of the images glorifies heaven for saving the people of Thessalonica from a pagan Slavic raid in 615.

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