Apollonia was an ancient Greek city located on the right bank of the Vjosë river. Apollonia was founded in 588 BCE by Greek colonists from Corfu and Corinth, on a site where native Illyrian tribes lived, and was perhaps the most important of the several classical towns known as Apollonia.

Apollonia flourished under Roman rule and was noted by Cicero in his Philippicae as magna urbs et gravis, a great and important city. Christianity was established in the city at an early stage, and bishops from Apollonia were present during the First Council of Ephesus (431) and the Council of Chalcedon (451).

Its decline, however, began in the 3rd century AD, when an earthquake changed the path of the Aoös, causing the harbour to silt up and the inland area to become a malaria-ridden swamp. The city became increasingly uninhabitable as the inland swamp expanded, and the nearby settlement of Avlona (modern-day Vlorë) became dominant. By the end of antiquity, the city was largely depopulated, hosting only a small Christian community. This community (which probably is part of the site of the old city) built on a nearby hill the church of the Dormition of the Theotokos, part of the Ardenica Monastery.

References:

Comments

Your name

Website (optional)



Address

Pojan, Fier, Albania
See all sites in Fier

Details

Founded: 588 BCE
Category: Prehistoric and archaeological sites in Albania

More Information

en.wikipedia.org
albania.al

Rating

4.5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Charlie Reist (5 months ago)
Interesting arqueological site in Albania. Really really nice
Andi Kola (5 months ago)
Absolutely overpriced and they offered "discounts" for certain types of categories that do not make sense. "If you are a group of 40+ aliens you get a 57% discount" Nope and nope.
Ofelia Vieitez (5 months ago)
I liked it, it has an interesting museum and a small site with ruins, with some boards explaining what the places were. It is a bit small. The excavation site is big, but apart from the main area, there is no much more to see. There are some signs pointing to 'teatri' (amfitheatre) but that part of the site is underdeveloped. This is quite confusing when you are there. The site needs more signs pointing where to go and what is meaningful to see.
Charlie Richmond (6 months ago)
Our guide was extremely helpful and informative and his knowledge of the entire park and area was exceptional. He was limited to about an hour but we got the impression he could have talked all day long with very interesting facts. The museum is very well arranged, in chronological order which helps a lot. We hope that they are able to get the funding to uncover more of the ancient city because there is a huge amount waiting to be discovered. The restaurant was excellent and served dishes quickly, even providing ones that were requested that were not listed on the menu.
Jakobus Augustus (7 months ago)
Very interesting place and relatively good preserved buildings with good descriptions. Unfortunately the employees are very unfriendly and not willing to help you at all. You can really feel that they don’t care a bit about you or the park.
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Stavanger Cathedral

Stavanger Cathedral is Norway's oldest cathedral. Bishop Reinald, who may have come from Winchester, is said to have started construction of the Cathedral around 1100. It was finished around 1150, and the city of Stavanger counts 1125 as its year of foundation. The Cathedral was consecrated to Swithin as its patron saint. Saint Swithun was an early Bishop of Winchester and subsequently patron saint of Winchester Cathedral. Stavanger was ravaged by fire in 1272, and the Cathedral suffered heavy damage. It was rebuilt under bishop Arne, and the Romanesque Cathedral was enlarged in the Gothic style.

In 1682, king Christian V decided to move Stavanger's episcopal seat to Kristiansand. However, on Stavanger's 800th anniversary in 1925, king Haakon VII instated Jacob Christian Petersen as Stavanger's first bishop in nearly 250 years.During a renovation in the 1860s, the Cathedral's exterior and interior was considerably altered. The stone walls were plastered, and the Cathedral lost much of its medieval looks. A major restoration led by Gerhard Fischer in 1939-1964 partly reversed those changes. The latest major restoration of the Cathedral was conducted in 1999. Andrew Lawrenceson Smith is famous for his works here.