The castle or residence of Bezmiliana is the most emblematic monument of the town of Rincon de la Victoria. It was built in 1766 as a complement to the traditional organization of the existing military defense in the 16th century, which also included the Towers of El Cantal and Benagalbón, which fonctions was rejecting maritime piracy and terrestrial stalking the area.
The construction of the Bezmiliana is quadrangular and consists of an outer masonry wall, unadorned two towers diagonally to his defense, two floors and a wall with two screens, a central building and a typical outdoor covered well called alcuílla (from Arabic qubba = dome). The main gate is crowned with the coat of arms of Carlos III. Inside the fort we found the 'troop room' and the 'Chamber of the official' united by a common stack with two mouths and the 'south room or the room of stables ' with 14 stalls and ground paved.References:
The Externsteine (Extern stones) is a distinctive sandstone rock formation located in the Teutoburg Forest, near the town of Horn-Bad Meinberg. The formation is a tor consisting of several tall, narrow columns of rock which rise abruptly from the surrounding wooded hills. Archaeological excavations have yielded some Upper Paleolithic stone tools dating to about 10,700 BC from 9,600 BC.
In a popular tradition going back to an idea proposed to Hermann Hamelmann in 1564, the Externsteine are identified as a sacred site of the pagan Saxons, and the location of the Irminsul (sacral pillar-like object in German paganism) idol reportedly destroyed by Charlemagne; there is however no archaeological evidence that would confirm the site's use during the relevant period.
The stones were used as the site of a hermitage in the Middle Ages, and by at least the high medieval period were the site of a Christian chapel. The Externsteine relief is a medieval depiction of the Descent from the Cross. It remains controversial whether the site was already used for Christian worship in the 8th to early 10th centuries.
The Externsteine gained prominence when Völkisch and nationalistic scholars took an interest in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. This interest peaked under the Nazi regime, when the Externsteine became a focus of nazi propaganda. Today, they remain a popular tourist destination and also continue to attract Neo-Pagans and Neo-Nazis.