Stora Sundby castle was mentioned first time in Middle Ages. In 1364 it was besieged and captured by Albrecht during his battle with Magnus Eriksson. From the end of 1300s to the early 1400s it belonged to Lars Ulfsson Blå. After him Stora Sundby was owned by Julita monastery and families of Natt och Dag, Sparre and Chevron.
The present main house was built by Lars Siggesson Sparre, who asked Carl de Geer to design a new castle on the old Norman style. The casle was finished in 1848. The drawings were made up by the English architect J.F. Robinson. In refurbishment underwent castle a fundamental change in the exterior but the interior remained mainly unchanged. The architecture symbolizes a year calendar: 52 rooms (number of weeks per year), 12 small towers (12 months per year), four large towers (four seasons), 365 windows (days per year).References:
The Kalozha church of Saints Boris and Gleb is the oldest extant structure in Hrodna. It is the only surviving monument of ancient Black Ruthenian architecture, distinguished from other Orthodox churches by prolific use of polychrome faceted stones of blue, green or red tint which could be arranged to form crosses or other figures on the wall.
The church is a cross-domed building supported by six circular pillars. The outside is articulated with projecting pilasters, which have rounded corners, as does the building itself. The ante-nave contains the choir loft, accessed by a narrow gradatory in the western wall. Two other stairs were discovered in the walls of the side apses; their purpose is not clear. The floor is lined with ceramic tiles forming decorative patterns. The interior was lined with innumerable built-in pitchers, which usually serve in Eastern Orthodox churches as resonators but in this case were scored to produce decorative effects. For this reason, the central nave has never been painted.
The church was built before 1183 and survived intact, depicted in the 1840s by Michał Kulesza, until 1853, when the south wall collapsed, due to its perilous location on the high bank of the Neman. During restoration works, some fragments of 12th-century frescoes were discovered in the apses. Remains of four other churches in the same style, decorated with pitchers and coloured stones instead of frescoes, were discovered in Hrodna and Vaŭkavysk. They all date back to the turn of the 13th century, as do remains of the first stone palace in the Old Hrodna Castle.
In 2004, the church was included in the Tentative List of UNESCO"s World Heritage Sites.