Dzieduszycki Palace is characterized by rich ornamental decorations, a reference to the art of the Greeks and Romans. The building was founded by Magdalena Morska of the Dzieduszycki family, built in the years 1798-1812.
Magdalena Morska initiated a new period in the history of Zarzecze. After visiting France, England, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Hungary, but primarily the Netherlands, Magdalena Morska had the opportunity to learn about other cultures coming from all over the world in the two largest royal ports, namely Amsterdam and Rotterdam. Mrs Morska was charmed by the environment (especially trees) in Zarzecze and indeed wanted to build a rural residence there. Thanks to this new experience, gained over the North Sea, Magdalena organized the reconstruction of manor house in Zarzecze and its immediate surroundings, in part by changing the spatial layout of the village. After completing the project by Fryderyk Bauman and Christian Peter Aygnera - the creator of one of the wings of the National Theatre, it was created the palace in the Empire style to which Mrs Morska designed the interior herself and brought exotic flowers, shrubs, vines and trees to decorate the park in the romantic style. Mrs Magdalena also reinvented the oxbow lake Mleczka transforming by building an artificial island, thus increasing the aesthetic value of the palace complex.
After the death of Magdalena Morska (who died without any heirs), Zarzecze was passed to her relatives – the Dzieduszycki family. The property belonged to the family until 1944, but in that year under the decree on that land, the Dzieduszycki family was deprived of their possessions and thrown out of the property. In the 80's, the decaying palace complex was renovated. In 2007, Związek Rodowy Dzieduszyckich signed an agreement with the local authorities and began the creation of the Dzieduszycki Museum within the palace. The family signed a notary deed which waived rights and claims to the palace and park complex in favor of the emerging institution.
Three rooms on the first floor were restored to the original design from the early nineteenth century. The particular rooms resemble the history of the palace and of the former owners. In the corridor there is a collection of drawings depicting the appearance of the palace from the early 19th century and gallery of the members of the family. There is a room with temporary exhibitions, geological room in which there is a family tree and photographs of old ancestral headquarters, archives and publications on the palace and its former inhabitants. Visitors are particularly impressed by the ballroom in the rotunda. It is a room with incredible furniture and fixtures and the original parquet floor is made of several types of wood. One room is devoted to the first entailer, Włodzimierz Dzieduszycki. His descendants are presented in “gallery hall” on the first floor. The portraits of the representatives of Czartoryski, the Sapieha and Szeptycki families, which are related to the Dzieduszyccy, and are presented on the ground floor. The co-funders of the Museum, which opened on 26 April 2008, are the authorities of the Zarzecze Commune.References:
The Abbey of Saint-Etienne, also known as Abbaye aux Hommes ('Men"s Abbey'), is a former monastery dedicated to Saint Stephen (Saint Étienne). It is considered, along with the neighbouring Abbaye aux Dames ('Ladies" Abbey'), to be one of the most notable Romanesque buildings in Normandy. Like all the major abbeys in Normandy, it was Benedictine.
Lanfranc, before being an Archbishop of Canterbury, was abbot of Saint-Etienne. Built in Caen stone during the 11th century, the two semi-completed churches stood for many decades in competition. An important feature added to both churches in about 1120 was the ribbed vault, used for the first time in France. The two abbey churches are considered forerunners of the Gothic architecture. The original Romanesque apse was replaced in 1166 by an early Gothic chevet, complete with rosette windows and flying buttresses. Nine towers and spires were added in the 13th century. The interior vaulting shows a similar progression, beginning with early sexpartite vaulting (using circular ribs) in the nave and progressing to quadipartite vaults (using pointed ribs) in the sanctuary.
The two monasteries were finally donated by William the Conqueror and his wife, Matilda of Flanders, as penalty for their marriage against the Pope"s ruling. William was buried here; Matilda was buried in the Abbaye aux Dames. Unfortunately William"s original tombstone of black marble, the same kind as Matilda"s in the Abbaye aux Dames, was destroyed by the Calvinist iconoclasts in the 16th century and his bones scattered.
As a consequence of the Wars of Religion, the high lantern tower in the middle of the church collapsed and was never rebuilt. The Benedictine abbey was suppressed during the French Revolution and the abbey church became a parish church. From 1804 to 1961, the abbey buildings accommodated a prestigious high school, the Lycée Malherbe. During the Normandy Landings in 1944, inhabitants of Caen found refuge in the church; on the rooftop there was a red cross, made with blood on a sheet, to show that it was a hospital (to avoid bombings).