Kronburg Castle was first time mentioned in 1227. In the 13th and 14th centuries it changed hands several times between Hohenstaufen and Habsburg vassals. The castle was restored in 1490-1536 by Rechberg family. In 1524 it was occupied by revolting peasants and in 1625-1627 it was passed to Johann Eustach von Westernach.
Kronburg was conquered and partially demolished by French army during the War of the Spanish Succession (1703) and rebuilt in residential style in 1707. Today the castle is owned by the von Vequel-Westernach family and hosts weddings and other events.References:
The Castle of Gruyères is one of the most famous in Switzerland. It was built between 1270 and 1282, following the typical square plan of the fortifications in Savoy. It was the property of the Counts of Gruyères until the bankruptcy of the Count Michel in 1554. His creditors the cantons of Fribourg and Bern shared his earldom. From 1555 to 1798 the castle became residence to the bailiffs and then to the prefects sent by Fribourg.
In 1849 the castle was sold to the Bovy and Balland families, who used the castle as their summer residency and restored it. The castle was then bought back by the canton of Fribourg in 1938, made into a museum and opened to the public. Since 1993, a foundation ensures the conservation as well as the highlighting of the building and the art collection.
The castle is the home of three capes of the Order of the Golden Fleece. They were part of the war booty captured by the Swiss Confederates (which included troops from Gruyères) at the Battle of Morat against Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy in 1476. As Charles the Bold was celebrating the anniversary of his father's death, one of the capes is a black velvet sacerdotal vestment with Philip the Good's emblem sewn into it.
A collection of landscapes by 19th century artists Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, Barthélemy Menn and others are on display in the castle.