Castles and fortifications in Germany

Dömitz Fortress

From a strategic point of view the mighty Dömitz fortress could hardly have been built in a better location: It protected the south-western border of Mecklenburg and the Elbe crossings. Furthermore, duties could be levied on the Elbe. The pentagon-shaped Renaissance fortress was erected between 1559 und 1565 under Duke Johann Albrecht I. The architect was Francesco a Bornau, an Italian. From the 18th century on, the for ...
Founded: 1559-1565 | Location: Dömitz, Germany

Falkenberg Castle

Falkenberg Castle was founded probably between 895-898 AD, but not mentioned before 1154. In  1294 Aldsassen monastery bought it. In 1428 the monks successfully defend the castle against the Hussite invasion. During the Thirty Years" War in 1648 Hans Christoff von Königsmarck (Swedish-German soldier) conquered the castle and left it in ruins. After been decayed for centuries, Friedrich-Werner Graf von der Schul ...
Founded: 9th century AD | Location: Falkenberg (Oberpfalz), Germany

Waldenbuch Castle

Schloss Waldenbuch served as a hunting lodge of the dukes of Württemberg. The core of the complex goes back to a castle that was already mentioned in 1381. Duke Christoph expanded the old castle into a hunting lodge in 1562-1566. He built a rectangular two-storey building. Today the castle hosts the museum of everyday culture.
Founded: 14th century | Location: Waldenbuch, Germany

Glatt Castle

The moated Glatt castle one of the few preserved water castles in the Germany and one of the oldest Renaissance castles in southern Germany. It was built and owned by the Neuneck family from the 13th century until 1671. The 13th century castle was converted into a Renaissance style in 1533-1540 by Reinhard von Neuneck. Today it hosts a museum center.
Founded: 1533-1540 | Location: Sulz am Neckar, Germany

Zwernitz Castle

Zwernitz Castle was originally the hereditary seat of the Walpodes of Upper Franconia. The keep and the tithe barn made of rusticated ashlars are part of the original Romanesque complex built in 1200. In 1338 the castle came into the possession of the Hohenzollern family. Around two centuries later the half-timbered buildings of the lower castle were added. When the rock garden was laid out, it was designed to incorporate ...
Founded: 1200 | Location: Sanspareil, Germany

Entenstein Castle

Entenstein Castle is a medieval castle surrounded by a moat situated in the center of the town of Schliengen. The origins of the castle can not be clearly dated. The first use of a building at this location can be traced to Walter of Schliengen in 821. By 1000 a tower house might have been in use. In the 13th century, Rudolf von Üsenberg (1207-1231) was the owner of the castle. The name of the castle derives from the ...
Founded: 11th century | Location: Schliengen, Germany

Neuburg Castle

Neuburg castle towers majestically over the Inn, having been built in 1050. It has had its current outer appearance since being rebuilt after its destruction in 1310. The Passau court painter gave it the character of a royal renaissance castle. Then, Georg Graf Ludwig von Sinsendorf had it turned into a baroque castle. After been damaged by fire in 1810, the castle complex was used as a brewery and malthouse. Neuburg cas ...
Founded: c. 1050 | Location: Neuburg am Inn, Germany

Staufen Castle Ruins

Staufen castle was probably built in the 12th century to the site of ancient Roman era watchtower. It was first time mentioned in 1248 and owned by the Staufen family until the 17th century. Since 1607 the castle was no longer inhabited. The undefended castle was occupied and destroyed by Swedish troops in the Thirty Years" War in 1632.
Founded: 12th century | Location: Staufen im Breisgau, Germany

Kommende Ramersdorf Castle

Kommende Ramersdorf was established in 1230 as one of the over 300 commanderies of the Teutonic Knights following the crusades. The Georgian chapel , which had been preserved, was built between 1220 and 1230. In the 13th and 14th centuries the commanders of the Ramersdorf were mostly Rhenish nobles, ministerial and urban patricians. After a fire in 1842, the entire complex was rebuilt in Neo-Gothic style. Tod ...
Founded: 1842 | Location: Bonn, Germany

Schlettau Castle

Schlettau Castle dates probably from the 13th century. In the 14th century the castle was extended to a Gothic-style castle palace by the Schönburg-Crimmitschau family. From 1413 to 1536 Schlettau belonged to the Cistercians. After the secularization in 1536 it became the property of the Saxon Electors, who used it as a hunting lodge. The still existing stuctures consist of a Renaissance section (about 1620) and two B ...
Founded: 13th century | Location: Schlettau, Germany

Klempenow Castle

Klempenow Castle was built during the time of German settlement in Pomerania in the 13th century and formed part of a series of fortifications on the border with Mecklenburg. The original castle consisted of two towers and a three metre thick defensive wall. It has been substantially altered during the centuries. During the 17th century it acquired more or less the present shape and look. When Pomerania was ruled by Swed ...
Founded: 13th century | Location: Klempenow, Germany

Wülzburg Fortress

Wülzburg fortress is situated on the highest point of the south Frankenalb, which rises to 640m. Surrounded by adry moat hewn into the rock, it is an imposing and singular monument of a Renaissance fortress in Germany. From the 11th century onwards a Benedictine monastery stood here. During the Reformation it was dissolved, a provost was put in charge followed by a civil administration in 1537. In 1588 Margrave Geor ...
Founded: 1588 | Location: Weissenburg, Germany

Darfeld Castle

Schloss Darfeld was built in 1612-1616 by the Münster architect and sculptor Gerhard Gröninger, who brought Venetian Renaissance style to the northern Germany. The Droste family to Vischering bought the property in 1680. The house was largely destroyed in 1899 by a big fire. The reconstruction in today"s form according to plans by Hermann Schaedtler lasted until 1904.
Founded: 1612 | Location: Darfeld, Germany

Günzburg Castle

After the Romans left Günzburg in the fifth century, the Alamanni tribe settled there. In around 700 the nearby castle of Ricinis was mentioned by the Cartographer of Ravenna as one of the five most important castles of Alemannia. In 1065 first documentary evidence appears of the town itself as Gunceburch. In 1301 the town became part of the Habsburg house and was developed into the centre of the Margraviate of ...
Founded: 1577 | Location: Günzburg, Germany

Liebenstein Castle

Liebenstein Castle was probably built in the 13th century as well as near Sterrenberg castle. Both were owned by feodal lords of Bolanden (later Sponheim-Dannenfels). The gate tower was added 1363 and tower in 1380 and the castle was enlarged in the 15th century. However, already in 1529 it was abandoned and left to decay. The major restoration took place in 1977 and today Liebenstein is a hotel and restaurant.
Founded: 13th century | Location: Kamp-Bornhofen, Germany

Mittelburg Castle

Mittelburg castle, one of the four castles above Neckarsteinach, was probably built around 1165 by Conrad I of Steinach, the youngest son of Bligger II of Steinach. The castle was rebuilt into a Renaissance palace in the 16th century and Gothicized in the 19th century. Nowadays it is a home to the von Warsberg-Dorth family
Founded: c. 1165 | Location: Neckarsteinach, Germany

Altnussberg Castle Ruins

Altnußberg castle was built by the Counts of Bogen probably between 1174-1194. During the so-called Böckler warin 1468-1469 the castle was burned down and razed. Today the castle is excavated and reconstructed partially. Guided tours through the castle grounds and the attached castle museum are available in summer season.
Founded: 1174-1194 | Location: Geiersthal, Germany

Lisberg Castle

Lisberg castle - one of the oldest castles in Franconia – was first mentioned in an historical document in 820. Being in possession of the Babenberger family – earls of the region – it has been used as a sanctuary for the people of the Region. Lisberg castle belonged to the Catholic prince bishops of Bamberg and the protestant Markgraves of Ansbach at the same time. Whenever necessary, the people of Lisb ...
Founded: c. 820 AD | Location: Lisberg, Germany

Adendorf Castle

Adendorf castle is the successor of a high-medieval castle located to the west of today"s site. The small castle hill is few hundred meters from the current palace and was in the 14th century owned by the family of Hüchelhoven. Arnold von Adendorp built a new castle from 1337 at its present location. It was besieged and conquered by the army of Henry III, Landgrave of Upper Hesse, in the late 15th century. ...
Founded: 1337/1659 | Location: Wachtberg, Germany

Waldeck Castle Ruins

Waldeck Castle was first mentioned in 1124. It was owned by the Landgraves of Leuchtenberg, who sold the castle in 1283 to Duke Ludwig of Bavaria. In the Spanish War of Succession, the castle was besieged by imperial troops , taken in October 1704 and demolished by order of Emperor Joseph I. Although the castle was rebuilt, it was burned down in 1794 and since then has been ruined. Since 1982, the ruins have b ...
Founded: 12th century | Location: Kemnath, Germany

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

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Narikala Castle

Narikala is an ancient fortress overlooking Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, and the Kura River. The fortress consists of two walled sections on a steep hill between the sulphur baths and the botanical gardens of Tbilisi. On the lower court there is the recently restored St Nicholas church. Newly built in 1996–1997, it replaces the original 13th-century church that was destroyed in a fire. The new church is of 'prescribed cross' type, having doors on three sides. The internal part of the church is decorated with the frescos showing scenes both from the Bible and history of Georgia.

The fortress was established in the 4th century and it was a Persian citadel. It was considerably expanded by the Umayyads in the 7th century and later, by king David the Builder (1089–1125). Most of extant fortifications date from the 16th and 17th centuries. In 1827, parts of the fortress were damaged by an earthquake and demolished.