Castles and fortifications in Germany

Kipfenberg Castle

Kipfenberg Castle was built in the 12th century and was owned by the counts of Grögling-Hirschberg. In 1803 it was moved to the possession of state. Bodo Ebhardt restored and rebuilt the castle in the early 1900s. Today Kipfenberg is privately owned, but there is a Romans and Bavarians Museum in the outer bailey.
Founded: 12th century | Location: Kipfenberg, Germany

Schillingsfürst Castle

The Baroque castle of Schillingsfürst was first mentioned in the year 1000. It was owned by Hohenlohe family since 1300s. However, the castle was destroyed by Ludwig of Bayern in 1316. The next castle was destroyed in 1525 and third one again in 1632 in Thirty Years" War. The current castle was built by Prince Karl Albrecht Schillingsfürst in 1753-1793. Today there is a museum.
Founded: 1753-1793 | Location: Schillingsfürst, Germany

Odenhausen Castle

Odenhausen Castle was first built in the 11th century on the hill. In the Middle Ages, the fortification was expanded into a moated water castle. The castle was first mentioned in 1316. In 1560 Ludwig von Blankart converted it into a Renaissance residence. A bridge leads across the outer moat through a Baroque gate into the farmhouse and an another bridge leads over the moat to the two-winged mansion. The porta ...
Founded: 11th century | Location: Wachtberg, Germany

Battenberg Castle Ruins

It is presumed that the Battenberg castle was constructed by Count Frederick III of Leiningen (d. 1287), and it remained a possession of the House of Leiningen - until 1689, when it was destroyed during the War of the Palatine Succession by French troops. Together with Neuleiningen Castle, on the opposite hillside 1,400 metres to the north, it controlled access to the Eckbach valley. On three sides the outer walls of the ...
Founded: 13th century | Location: Battenberg, Germany

Ortenburg Castle

The first hill fort overlooking the valley of Wolfach was built by Count Rapoto I von Ortenburg around 1120. Due to the power of Ortenburg house there were many conflicts with neihgbor states in the late 12th century and early 13th century. The castle was destroyed in one of these wars in 1192 and subsequently rebuilt. The medieval castle was sacked and almost completely destroyed in Landshut War of Succession in 1504. T ...
Founded: 1562 | Location: Ortenburg, Germany

Heimerzheim Castle

Heimerzheim castle was mentioned for the first time at the end of the 13th century, when it was built by the lords of Heimerzheim as a well-fortified moated castle. In the Baroque era the castle was converted into a residence. Today the moated castle is rented out by the family of the Baron von Boeselager as a conference and event location. The site consists of a main castle and lower castle, with both parts of the castl ...
Founded: 13th century | Location: Heimerzheim, Germany

Lengenfeld Castle

Lengenfeld castle originates from the 10th century and the current appearance dates from the first half of the 12th century. The keep was added and castle enlarged by Wittelsbach family around 1123-1146. The castle is enclosed by 800m long curtain wall. Guided tours to the castle are available.
Founded: 12th century | Location: Burglengenfeld, Germany

Heiligenberg Castle

Schloss Heiligenberg is a Renaissance-style castle owned by the Fürstenberg family. It is located on a plateau 730 metres above sea level, with views down onto the Bodensee and the Alps. It was first built in the Middle Ages - in 1250 count Berthold of Heiligenberg built a burgh on the site, which was bought in 1277 by count Hugo of Werdenberg. Under the counts of Werdenberg-Heiligenberg, the castle expanded during t ...
Founded: 1560-1575 | Location: Heiligenberg, Germany

Falkenburg Castle Ruins

Falkenburg Castle is a castle ruin overlooking the village of Wilgartswiesen. It was probably built in the 11th century as a successor to the nearby Wilgartaburg and to protect the adjacent villages. In the documents of Archbishop Erkinbald of Mainz, letters dating to 1019 describe a rock outcrop called the Falkenstein considered as the most northerly border belonging to the principality of Kaiserslautern. Werner I of Bol ...
Founded: 11th century | Location: Wilgartswiesen, Germany

Friedberg Castle

The Friedberg castle was subsequently built to serve as a border security and customs post for the Duchy of Bavaria and Swabia, but put the town in opposition to the free city of Augsburg. It was built between 1257-1264 by Duke Ludwig II. The castle was the cause of the first burning of Friedberg by Augsburg in 1396. The town was subject to the many frequent wars between Swabia, Bavaria and Augsburg. A revival in the to ...
Founded: 1257 | Location: Friedberg, Germany

Lindelbrunn Castle

Lindelbrunn Castle was founded in the mid-12th century, presumably as an imperial castle to defend the Trifels. Prior to that it may have been owned by the imperial church at Speyer. It is likely that the main construction phase of the castle with its palas and separate chapel dates to around 1190/1200. At that time, large halls and independent chapels were only built by relatively high-ranking lords; around 1200, not a s ...
Founded: 1150-1200 | Location: Vorderweidenthal, Germany

Morenhoven Castle

Morenhoven Castle consists of outer ward and main castle. The moated castle can be reached over an arched bridge and probably originates from a fortified courtyard of the 9th century. In the 12th and 13th century the forerunners of the current castle belonged to the country manor on the  Swist. During the Thirty Years' War the castle was destroyed by Hessian soldiers. From 1682 onwards the new building was built. Thi ...
Founded: 12th century | Location: Morenhoven, Germany

Hainewalde Castle

The  original Hainewalde water castle, built under rule of the family von Nositz, was located north of the terraces of the new castle. The only remain of the old water castle, which was demolished in 1780, is the gate lodge with his west-side Renaissance-portal. Schloss (New Castle) was constructed in 1750–1753, along with its Baroque gardens, under the rule of the Kanitz-Kyaw family. It was renovated in 1883, the ...
Founded: 1750-1753 | Location: Hainewalde, Germany

Katzenstein Castle

Katzenstein Castle is one of the oldest remaining Hohenstaufen castles in Germany. The castle is located in a side valley of the river Egua, near the old Roman road Faimingen–Oberdorf bei Bopfingen. In 1099 the Lords von Cassenstein were first mentioned. The family was a Ministerialis or unfree knight family in the service of the Graf (or Count) von Dillingen. In 1262 Edlen von Hürnheim was listed as the owner ...
Founded: 11th century | Location: Katzenstein, Germany

Thierstein Castle

Thierstein Castle was built in the early 14th century by Albrecht VI of Wildstein. Later it was moved to the hands of Nuremberg burgraves and the house of Hohenzollern. In 1553, during the Second Margrave War, Thierstein was occupied by Bohemian troops. In 1603 Margrave Georg Friedrich of Brandenburg ordered to abandon the castle and the construction of a new office building outside the village of Thierstein. Neverthele ...
Founded: 14th century | Location: Thierstein, Germany

Wäscherschloss Castle

Wäscherschloss Castle was built in 1220-1250. It is named after the knight 'Konrad der Wascher“. The castle is enclosed on the five sides with a nearly ten-meter high wall made of stone. The half-timbered residential building dates from the period 1481-1699. The castle is open to the public.
Founded: 1220 | Location: Wäschenbeuren, Germany

Altleiningen Castle

Altleiningen castle was built on the domed summit of a hill, about 400 metres high, that rises above the left bank of the Eckbach. The name, like that of its sister castle, Neuleiningen 5 kilometres northeast, is derived from the Frankish noble family of Leiningen, who used to rule the territory of the Leiningerland. The mighty hill fortress is built on rocks and was probably established around 1100 to 1110 by the Count ...
Founded: 1100-1110 | Location: Altleiningen, Germany

Falkenstein Castle

Falkenstein castle was originally built by the Bishop Tuto of Regensburg before 1074. The medieval stone castle was built in the early 13th century. It was expanded and rebuilt several times before the castle was burned down by the Swedes in 1634 (during Thirty Years' War). The decayed Falkenstein castle was restored in the 20th century. Today the castle is a museum, festival venue and restaurant.
Founded: c. 1074 | Location: Falkenstein, Germany

Wilenstein Castle

Wilenstein Castle is one of the oldest fortresses of the Pfalz. As early as the middle of the 12th century there is information concerning the sovereigns of Wilenstein. During the Thirty Years" War the castle was so seriously damaged that it was declared uninhabitable in 1664. In the 1950s extensive restoration and conservation work was performed. The upper castle, whose reconstruction work is often considered inappr ...
Founded: 12th century | Location: Trippstadt, Germany

Manningaburg Castle

The Manningaburg castle in Pewsum dates back to the year 1458 and was originally - as the name suggests - the headquarters of the chief family Manninga. However, in 1565 the castle was sold from Chief Haiko Manninga to Count Edzard II Cirksenas. Unlike most castles in Ostfriesland, Manningaburg is open to the public and houses a museum dedicated to the chief and castle history. In the ceremonial hall of the castle, you ...
Founded: 1458 | Location: Pewsum, Germany

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

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Narikala Castle

Narikala is an ancient fortress overlooking Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, and the Kura River. The fortress consists of two walled sections on a steep hill between the sulphur baths and the botanical gardens of Tbilisi. On the lower court there is the recently restored St Nicholas church. Newly built in 1996–1997, it replaces the original 13th-century church that was destroyed in a fire. The new church is of 'prescribed cross' type, having doors on three sides. The internal part of the church is decorated with the frescos showing scenes both from the Bible and history of Georgia.

The fortress was established in the 4th century and it was a Persian citadel. It was considerably expanded by the Umayyads in the 7th century and later, by king David the Builder (1089–1125). Most of extant fortifications date from the 16th and 17th centuries. In 1827, parts of the fortress were damaged by an earthquake and demolished.