The ancient village of Roccavaldina was conquered by Romans, Byzantine and Arabs. Later in the Middle Ages, it was ruled by Roger I, who built numerous monasteries with the aim to spread the Christian culture over the area. The Valdina Castle was built as a stronghold in the 16th century and later transformed in a prive aristocratic house; the Chemistry Museum is an ancient shop created in 1628 which contains over 200 apothecary jars made with the local ceramics.References:
Built around AD 90 to entertain the legionaries stationed at the fort of Caerleon (Isca), the impressive amphitheatre was the Roman equivalent of today’s multiplex cinema. Wooden benches provided seating for up to 6,000 spectators, who would gather to watch bloodthirsty displays featuring gladiatorial combat and exotic wild animals.
Long after the Romans left, the amphitheatre took on a new life in Arthurian legend. Geoffrey of Monmouth, the somewhat imaginative 12th-century scholar, wrote in his History of the Kings of Britain that Arthur was crowned in Caerleon and that the ruined amphitheatre was actually the remains of King Arthur’s Round Table.
Today it is the most complete Roman amphitheatre in Britain.