The remains of Poggiodiana Castle, or Misilcassino Castle, of Ribera are constituted by part of the perimeter walls and two towers, a quadrangular portion and a cylindrical, 25 meters in height and about 30 meters in circumference, of particular interest for the characteristic crowning corbels. Developed in about 3000 m² with an irregular plan, from the north side svettava on a precipice of over 300 meters, at the foot of which flows the river vegetables, east one sees the village of La Ribera. The fortress was firmly closed by an alignment of internal manufactured high approximately 20 meters and reinforced by a second defense wall. From a door on the sixth acute reached a second courtyard, where insisted the guard post with the accommodation of squires and the armoury, and opened the magazines and the scuderia. From the courtyard, thanks to the stairs, you saliva on the upper floors, where the lords were staying in the large apartments.
The castle was built in the 12th century by the Normans in defense of small neighboring communities and land between the Platani (Eraclea Minoa) and Triocala (Caltabellotta), and known until the 14th century with the name saraceno of Misilcassino, i.e. place of descent on horseback. Granted to Maletta family, from these was inherited by Scaloro degli Uberti, who made himself guilty of perfidy you saw confiscate the castle that was given to Monterosso for subsequently passes to the Chiaramonte and Guglielmo Peralta. In the fifteenth century it passed into the possession of the Counts Luna, in memory of these changed its name to take finally the appellative of Castello di Poggiodiana in honor of the noblewoman Diana Moncada, daughter of the prince of Paternò Luigi Guglielmo Moncada and wife of Vincenzo Luna.References:
Les Invalides is a complex of buildings containing museums and monuments, all relating to the military history of France, as well as a hospital and a retirement home for war veterans, the building"s original purpose. The buildings house the Musée de l"Armée, the military museum of the Army of France, the Musée des Plans-Reliefs, and the Musée d"Histoire Contemporaine, as well as the burial site for some of France"s war heroes, notably Napoleon Bonaparte.
Louis XIV initiated the project in 1670, as a home and hospital for aged and unwell soldiers: the name is a shortened form of hôpital des invalides. The architect of Les Invalides was Libéral Bruant. The enlarged project was completed in 1676, the river front measured 196 metres and the complex had fifteen courtyards. Jules Hardouin Mansart assisted the aged Bruant, and the chapel was finished in 1679 to Bruant"s designs after the elder architect"s death.
Shortly after the veterans" chapel was completed, Louis XIV commissioned Mansart to construct a separate private royal chapel referred to as the Église du Dôme from its most striking feature. Inspired by St. Peter"s Basilica in Rome, the original for all Baroque domes, it is one of the triumphs of French Baroque architecture. The domed chapel is centrally placed to dominate the court of honour. It was finished in 1708.
Because of its location and significance, the Invalides served as the scene for several key events in French history. On 14 July 1789 it was stormed by Parisian rioters who seized the cannons and muskets stored in its cellars to use against the Bastille later the same day. Napoleon was entombed under the dome of the Invalides with great ceremony in 1840. In December 1894 the degradation of Captain Alfred Dreyfus was held before the main building, while his subsequent rehabilitation ceremony took place in a courtyard of the complex in 1906.
The building retained its primary function of a retirement home and hospital for military veterans until the early twentieth century. In 1872 the musée d"artillerie (Artillery Museum) was located within the building to be joined by the Historical Museum of the Armies in 1896. The two institutions were merged to form the present musée de l"armée in 1905. At the same time the veterans in residence were dispersed to smaller centres outside Paris. The reason was that the adoption of a mainly conscript army, after 1872, meant a substantial reduction in the numbers of veterans having the twenty or more years of military service formerly required to enter the Hôpital des Invalides. The building accordingly became too large for its original purpose. The modern complex does however still include the facilities detailed below for about a hundred elderly or incapacitated former soldiers.