The remains of Poggiodiana Castle, or Misilcassino Castle, of Ribera are constituted by part of the perimeter walls and two towers, a quadrangular portion and a cylindrical, 25 meters in height and about 30 meters in circumference, of particular interest for the characteristic crowning corbels. Developed in about 3000 m² with an irregular plan, from the north side svettava on a precipice of over 300 meters, at the foot of which flows the river vegetables, east one sees the village of La Ribera. The fortress was firmly closed by an alignment of internal manufactured high approximately 20 meters and reinforced by a second defense wall. From a door on the sixth acute reached a second courtyard, where insisted the guard post with the accommodation of squires and the armoury, and opened the magazines and the scuderia. From the courtyard, thanks to the stairs, you saliva on the upper floors, where the lords were staying in the large apartments.
The castle was built in the 12th century by the Normans in defense of small neighboring communities and land between the Platani (Eraclea Minoa) and Triocala (Caltabellotta), and known until the 14th century with the name saraceno of Misilcassino, i.e. place of descent on horseback. Granted to Maletta family, from these was inherited by Scaloro degli Uberti, who made himself guilty of perfidy you saw confiscate the castle that was given to Monterosso for subsequently passes to the Chiaramonte and Guglielmo Peralta. In the fifteenth century it passed into the possession of the Counts Luna, in memory of these changed its name to take finally the appellative of Castello di Poggiodiana in honor of the noblewoman Diana Moncada, daughter of the prince of Paternò Luigi Guglielmo Moncada and wife of Vincenzo Luna.References:
The Castle of Gruyères is one of the most famous in Switzerland. It was built between 1270 and 1282, following the typical square plan of the fortifications in Savoy. It was the property of the Counts of Gruyères until the bankruptcy of the Count Michel in 1554. His creditors the cantons of Fribourg and Bern shared his earldom. From 1555 to 1798 the castle became residence to the bailiffs and then to the prefects sent by Fribourg.
In 1849 the castle was sold to the Bovy and Balland families, who used the castle as their summer residency and restored it. The castle was then bought back by the canton of Fribourg in 1938, made into a museum and opened to the public. Since 1993, a foundation ensures the conservation as well as the highlighting of the building and the art collection.
The castle is the home of three capes of the Order of the Golden Fleece. They were part of the war booty captured by the Swiss Confederates (which included troops from Gruyères) at the Battle of Morat against Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy in 1476. As Charles the Bold was celebrating the anniversary of his father's death, one of the capes is a black velvet sacerdotal vestment with Philip the Good's emblem sewn into it.
A collection of landscapes by 19th century artists Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, Barthélemy Menn and others are on display in the castle.