The remains of Poggiodiana Castle, or Misilcassino Castle, of Ribera are constituted by part of the perimeter walls and two towers, a quadrangular portion and a cylindrical, 25 meters in height and about 30 meters in circumference, of particular interest for the characteristic crowning corbels. Developed in about 3000 m² with an irregular plan, from the north side svettava on a precipice of over 300 meters, at the foot of which flows the river vegetables, east one sees the village of La Ribera. The fortress was firmly closed by an alignment of internal manufactured high approximately 20 meters and reinforced by a second defense wall. From a door on the sixth acute reached a second courtyard, where insisted the guard post with the accommodation of squires and the armoury, and opened the magazines and the scuderia. From the courtyard, thanks to the stairs, you saliva on the upper floors, where the lords were staying in the large apartments.
The castle was built in the 12th century by the Normans in defense of small neighboring communities and land between the Platani (Eraclea Minoa) and Triocala (Caltabellotta), and known until the 14th century with the name saraceno of Misilcassino, i.e. place of descent on horseback. Granted to Maletta family, from these was inherited by Scaloro degli Uberti, who made himself guilty of perfidy you saw confiscate the castle that was given to Monterosso for subsequently passes to the Chiaramonte and Guglielmo Peralta. In the fifteenth century it passed into the possession of the Counts Luna, in memory of these changed its name to take finally the appellative of Castello di Poggiodiana in honor of the noblewoman Diana Moncada, daughter of the prince of Paternò Luigi Guglielmo Moncada and wife of Vincenzo Luna.References:
Angelokastro is a Byzantine castle on the island of Corfu. It is located at the top of the highest peak of the island"s shoreline in the northwest coast near Palaiokastritsa and built on particularly precipitous and rocky terrain. It stands 305 m on a steep cliff above the sea and surveys the City of Corfu and the mountains of mainland Greece to the southeast and a wide area of Corfu toward the northeast and northwest.
Angelokastro is one of the most important fortified complexes of Corfu. It was an acropolis which surveyed the region all the way to the southern Adriatic and presented a formidable strategic vantage point to the occupant of the castle.
Angelokastro formed a defensive triangle with the castles of Gardiki and Kassiopi, which covered Corfu"s defences to the south, northwest and northeast.
The castle never fell, despite frequent sieges and attempts at conquering it through the centuries, and played a decisive role in defending the island against pirate incursions and during three sieges of Corfu by the Ottomans, significantly contributing to their defeat.
During invasions it helped shelter the local peasant population. The villagers also fought against the invaders playing an active role in the defence of the castle.
The exact period of the building of the castle is not known, but it has often been attributed to the reigns of Michael I Komnenos and his son Michael II Komnenos. The first documentary evidence for the fortress dates to 1272, when Giordano di San Felice took possession of it for Charles of Anjou, who had seized Corfu from Manfred, King of Sicily in 1267.
From 1387 to the end of the 16th century, Angelokastro was the official capital of Corfu and the seat of the Provveditore Generale del Levante, governor of the Ionian islands and commander of the Venetian fleet, which was stationed in Corfu.
The governor of the castle (the castellan) was normally appointed by the City council of Corfu and was chosen amongst the noblemen of the island.
Angelokastro is considered one of the most imposing architectural remains in the Ionian Islands.