Creich Castle is a ruined tower house. There is a mention of a castle on the property in the 13th century, but it is uncertain what relationship that has to the existing structures. There is documentary evidence of a tower in 1553, but the existing structure either postdates that or has been heavily remodeled, judging by its architectural style.
The first surviving records that mention Craich show that it was held by the MacDuff, Earls of Fife and they were probably the builders of the first Creich Castle. The land was subsequently owned by the Liddel family until they forfeited it when charged with treason. The Beaton family purchased it in 1503 and the property has been linked with David Betoun of Creich, Cardinal David Beaton, a 16th century Archbishop of St Andrews, and Mary Bethune. The existing ruins date from the 16th century.
The castle is 1.7 km south of the River Tay and is located in a depression surrounded by higher ground on all sides. The lower ground immediately surrounding the tower complex was formerly marsh, some of which still survives, which would have improved its defensibility. The tower house is L-shaped. The main block is three storeys tall, although the wing has a height of four storeys. The walls are whin rubble with ashlar dressings. Over the stair tower is a heavily corbelled cornice for the parapet walk. The upper floors are inaccessible and in bad repair.
The tower was likely enclosed in a courtyard as there are the remains of a small round tower 20 yards west typical of those found at gateways or, less frequently, barmkins. The nearby Creich Castle Doocot or dovecote, dating to 1723, is category A listed. It is rectangular in shape with two interior chambers.References:
The Cloth Hall in Kraków dates to the Renaissance and is one of the city's most recognizable icons. It is the central feature of the main market square in the Kraków Old Town (listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1978).
The hall was once a major centre of international trade. Traveling merchants met there to discuss business and to barter. During its golden age in the 15th century, the hall was the source of a variety of exotic imports from the east – spices, silk, leather and wax – while Kraków itself exported textiles, lead, and salt from the Wieliczka Salt Mine.
Kraków was Poland's capital city and was among the largest cities in Europe already from before the time of the Renaissance. However, its decline started with the move of the capital to Warsaw in the very end of the 16th century. The city's decline was hastened by wars and politics leading to the Partitions of Poland at the end of the 18th century. By the time of the architectural restoration proposed for the cloth hall in 1870 under Austrian rule, much of the historic city center was decrepit. A change in political and economic fortunes for the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria ushered in a revival due to newly established Legislative Assembly or Sejm of the Land. The successful renovation of the Cloth Hall, based on design by Tomasz Pryliński and supervised by Mayor Mikołaj Zyblikiewicz, Sejm Marshal, was one of the most notable achievements of this period.
The hall has hosted many distinguished guests over the centuries and is still used to entertain monarchs and dignitaries, such as Charles, Prince of Wales and Emperor Akihito of Japan, who was welcomed here in 2002. In the past, balls were held here, most notably after Prince Józef Poniatowski had briefly liberated the city from the Austrians in 1809. Aside from its history and cultural value, the hall still is still used as a center of commerce.
On the upper floor of the hall is the Sukiennice Museum division of the National Museum, Kraków. It holds the largest permanent exhibit of the 19th-century Polish painting and sculpture, in four grand exhibition halls arranged by historical period and the theme extending into an entire artistic epoch. The museum was upgraded in 2010 with new technical equipment, storerooms, service spaces as well as improved thematic layout for the display.
The Gallery of 19th-Century Polish Art was a major cultural venue from the moment it opened on October 7, 1879. It features late Baroque, Rococo, and Classicist 18th-century portraits and battle scenes by Polish and foreign pre-Romantics.