The necropolis of Sa Figu, the most important prehistoric heritage of the territory of Ittiri, is a place where the pre-Nuraghic remnants ‘merge’ with the Nuragic monuments. It extends along the northern edge of the Coros plateau that gives its name to a Logudorese sub-region. Four kilometres from the town, the archaeological area can be reached from the sanctuary of San Maurizio by climbing up to the peak. The complex is composed of eleven hypogea, a megalithic circle and the base of an archaic Nuraghe (or ‘protonuraghe’). It has survived at least three prehistoric eras: the late Neolithic (end of 4th millennium BC), when the first nucleus of Domus de Janas was excavated; the Eneolithic and Copper age; plus the Late and Mid Bronze, when hypogeum ‘architectural façades’ were widespread.
Of the sepultures of Sa Figu, three are simple and original Domus de Janas, two have a single cella and one had a number of cellae, with a Dromos (‘andito’), an anti-cella and a cella on which secondary areas open. At least three are expanded Domus, with additions to the façade of stele and exedra. Three are new set-ups or have been restructured in the Bronze Age. The largest tomb was originally composed of five rooms, becoming a single room following the demolition of the partition walls. An anti-cella with decorated walls leads into the cella where three rooms opened up. The hypogea have revealed a number of Nuragic finds, especially the famous bronze statuette of the launeddas player.References:
The Petersberg Citadel is one of the largest extant early-modern citadels in Europe and covers the whole north-western part of the Erfurt city centre. It was built after 1665 on Petersberg hill and was in military use until 1963. It dates from a time when Erfurt was ruled by the Electors of Mainz and is a unique example of the European style of fortress construction. Beneath the citadel is an underground maze of passageways that can be visited on guided tours organised by Erfurt Tourist Office.
The citadel was originally built on the site of a medieval Benedictine Monastery and the earliest parts of the complex date from the 12th century. Erfurt has also been ruled by Sweden, Prussia, Napoleon, the German Empire, the Nazis, and post-World War II Soviet occupying forces, and it was part of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany). All of these regimes used Petersberg Citadel and had an influence on its development. The baroque fortress was in military use until 1963. Since German reunification in 1990, the citadel has undergone significant restoration and it is now open to the public as a historic site.