Temple of Artemis

Corfu, Greece

The Temple of Artemis is an Archaic Greek temple in Corfu, Greece, built in around 580 BC in the ancient city of Korkyra. The temple was dedicated to Artemis. It is known as the first Doric temple exclusively built with stone. It is also considered the first building to have incorporated all of the elements of the Doric architectural style. Very few Greek temple reliefs from the Archaic period have survived, and the large fragments of the group from the pediment are the earliest significant survivals.

The temple was a peripteral–styled building with a pseudodipteral configuration. Its perimeter was rectangular, with width of 23.46 m and length 49 m with an eastward orientation so that light could enter the interior of the temple at sunrise. It was one of the largest temples of its time.

The metope of the temple was probably decorated, since remnants of reliefs featuring Achilles and Memnon were found in the ancient ruins. The temple has been described as a milestone of Ancient Greek architecture and one of 150 masterpieces of Western architecture. The architecture of the Corfu temple may have influenced the design of an archaic sanctuary found at Sant'Omobono in Rome which dates to the archaic period and incorporates similar design elements.

The massive altar of the sanctuary is precisely rectangular and stood in front of the temple. It was 2.7 m. wide and 25 m. long. Only 8 m. of its northern section survive. The rest of the altar was built over, under the foundations of the Saint Theodore monastery.

Kaiser Wilhelm II, while vacationing at his summer palace of Achilleion in Corfu and while Europe was preparing for war, was involved in excavations at the site of the ancient temple.

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Agion Theodoron, Corfu, Greece
See all sites in Corfu

Details

Founded: 580 BCE
Category: Prehistoric and archaeological sites in Greece

Rating

3.9/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

George Knap (13 months ago)
Gate to ruin is closed
Cristian Apetrei (14 months ago)
A place full of history. I give 4 stars just because there is not much too see.
Alessia Benedetta Platania (19 months ago)
Very nice
Kilana Schulze (2 years ago)
There wasn't much to see, and if your not properly clothed (bare shoulders and such) you couldn't even enter cause you have to go through the chapel to get inside.
Dimitris Mavrikis (3 years ago)
There is nothing to have a look at... You can spend your time in more interesting ancient sightseeing...
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