Acropolis of Rhodes

Rhodes, Greece

The Acropolis of Rhodes dates from the Classical Greek period (5th–3rd century BC) and is located approximately 3 kilometers from the centre of the city of Rhodes. The partially reconstructed part of the site consists of the Temple of Apollo (also, as alternatives Athena Polias and Zeus Polieus) below which is a stadium and a small theatre. 

In 408 BC, towards the end of the Peloponnesian War, three of the island's ancient cities merged to build an entirely new one – the city of Rhodes – on a site in the Ialysia region of the island. Admired for its beauty and luxury, the city flourished. After weathering a siege by Demetrios Poliorketes (the besieger) in 305–303 BC, Rhodes rallied and built the Colossus of Rhodes, a massive statue of the sun god Helios, to whom Rhodes is linked in Greek mythology. The Colossus is known as one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

Following the great earthquake in 227 BC, which toppled the enormous harbor statue and devastated the city, Rhodes was rebuilt. It was later raided by Cassius in 42 BC and never recovered.

The Acropolis is situated on the highest part of the city. The monuments were built on stepped terraces, with substantial retaining walls.


Located at the northern extreme of the Acropolis in an east-west orientation, the Temple of Athena Polias and Zeus Polieus was dominated by Doric columned porticos on all sides and originally housed the written treaties the Rhodians held with other states. The temple was bounded by a stoa to the east.

Smaller than the Temple of Athena Polias and Zeus Polieus, Temple of Pythian Apollo boasts a similar east-west orientation but is located on the southern end, just west of a large rectangular terrace. Part of the northeast side of this porous peripteral temple has been restored.


Located on the southeast side of the hill, the 210-metre north-south Stadium was initially restored by the Italians. Its surviving features include the sphendone (rounded end with turning post), proedries (officials' seats), and some of the spectator seating. The starting apparatus used in the athletic events has also been preserved. Athletic events of the Haleion Games, honoring Helios, were held here.



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Diagoridon 72, Rhodes, Greece
See all sites in Rhodes


Founded: 408 BCE
Category: Prehistoric and archaeological sites in Greece

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User Reviews

Igor Vrdoljak (3 months ago)
Nice. Very Nice. Go there in the evening because of the heat! But the view is just amazing. Nice small theatre!
René (3 months ago)
A 20-30 minute walk from the old city of Rhodes lies the ancient stadium and acropolis of Rhodes. At the time of our visit the acropolis was under construction but we did get to have a good look at the ancient stadium. Contrary to most ancient landmarks in other countries, you are allowed to walk around and touch everything if you want. You can take a seat in the stadium and walk around as you please. This makes it a really nice experience. Free parking is available nearby.
Nicklas Møller Jepsen (3 months ago)
Super nice and historical place. Love the Olympic stadium where you can actually still take a run - and some of the locals do as well.
Matthew Abbott (13 months ago)
A real sense of ancient history and civilisation.
Niki Lombardo (14 months ago)
Not worth the walking, it's free though
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