Kohren Castle, also known as Chorun or Sahlis, is the ruin of an imposing hill castle in the town of Kohren-Sahlis in Leipzig county in Saxony.
The origin of the town Kohren can be traced back to the time of the Sorbian settlement in the Early Middle Ages. Emperor Otto II gifted the forest between the rivers Saale and Mulde to the Bishop of Merseburg in year 974.
The castle was owned by Kohren family from the late 12th century, but i was destroyed in 1220 during local wars. The current towers were built after that, but it was again demolished during the mid-15th and 17th centuries.
The Château du Haut-Koenigsbourg is situated in a strategic area on a rocky spur overlooking the Upper Rhine Plain, it was used by successive powers from the Middle Ages until the Thirty Years' War when it was abandoned. From 1900 to 1908 it was rebuilt at the behest of the German kaiser Wilhelm II. Today it is a major tourist site, attracting more than 500,000 visitors a year.
The first records of a castle built by the Hohenstaufens date back to 1147. The fortress changed its name to Koenigsburg (royal castle) around 1157. The castle was handed over to the Tiersteins by the Habsburgs following its destruction in 1462. They rebuilt and enlarged it, installing a defensive system designed to withstand artillery fire.
The fortification work accomplished over the 15th century did not suffice to keep the Swedish artillery at bay during the Thirty Years War, and the defences were overrun.